FREE 2018 ENGLISH NOTES, LITERATURE [SET PIECES], DOLL'S HOUSE, BLOSSOMS, FUNCTIONAL WRITING & OTHER RESOURCES
‘Dictatorship is rampant in Kafira.’ Write an essay to show the validity of the above statement - Betrayal in the City – Francis Imbuga.
The dictatorial political system of Kafira is an epitome of many African governments. This kind of government, which is very conservative, is characterized by oppression to human rights, both social and political. This is clearly seen in the text, ‘Betrayal in the City’ where any individual who tries to speak his mind is either jailed unconstitutionally or is killed.
When they found the Pearl of the World, Juana and Kino are excited and hopeful of a better life. Write an essay to show what happened to Kino’s life after the discovery. - The pearl by John Steinbeck
When Kino finds what is considered the greatest pearl, he believes life will be so good for his family. He plans to sell it and use the money to pay for a church wedding for himself and Juana, to send his son Coyotito to school, to buy the family new clothes, buy a new harpoon, buy a rifle and a lot of other things unfortunately, all these dreams and expectations are killed by the extreme selfishness that drives most of the towns people to want the pearl for themselves. (Accept any other relevant introduction)
‘In the short story, How Much Land Does Man Need, the author shows human greed’. Write an essay to support the above statement. — Memories We Lost and other stories (Compiled by Chris Wanjala)
‘In all the cases he listens to, Azdak rulings consider the weak in society as opposed to the rich.’ Write an essay to show the truthfulness of this statement. - The Caucasian Chalk Circle by Bertolt Bretch.
Azdak believed the written law was a tool of the rich to oppress the poor and the working class. He offers social justice that trashes the written law. In The Caucasian Chalk Circle by Bertolt Brecht judge Azdak is a poor man’s judge as he robs the rich to give to the poor.
MEMORIES WE LOST
Blood is thicker than water has clearly been justified in this story, through the narrator who stands by the elder sister throughout her illness in the story.
She hardly leaves her sister’s side and goes through the emotional trauma caused by the strange illness with her. She holds hands, keeps her company and even drops out of school to be with her.
Symbolism is a useful tool in story telling because it helps the author add a deeper meaning to the story.
Kino views the pearl as the blessing of a lifetime. At first the pearl is a symbol of freedom. Kino and his family could finally be freed from the oppression of poverty and a meagre existence. This means beautiful wedding for his wife and education for his son.
Discuss how Minik brings change in the society described in Blossoms of The Savannna — Blossoms of the savanna
“In order to fight for your rights as a society, bravery is key. Cowardice usually condemns people to doom.” Validate this statement with reference to Francis Imbuga’s Betrayal in the city.
We keep our friends close but our enemies even closer”. Support this statement using “Betrayal in the City” as reference.
With illustrations from Francis Imbuga’s play ‘Betrayal in the City’, Write an essay to show how various characters are victims of injustice.
THEMES - GUIDE TO 'BLOSSOMS OF THE SAVANNAH'
Themes are issues that are consistent in a creative work. They are sub categories or sub topics of the subject matter or the main idea in a work of art. They constitute the entire message the writer wishes to put across to his or her readers. Therefore, themes are the messages put across by a writer in a work of art. There are major and minor themes. Major themes cut across the text and are the main ideas the writer intends to pass to the readers. Minor themes are minor ideas which are still important in the text.
CHARACTERS AND CHARACTERISATION - GUIDE TO 'BLOSSOMS OF THE SAVANNAH'
A character is a fictitious personage created by a novelist in order to convey an idea. Characterization is the process of selecting suitable characters that suit specific roles by the novelist. Characters are of many types: main, minor, shadow, protagonist, antagonist depending on their role and significance. With themes and style, they form the basic triangle in literary work. The three questions answered by the three basic aspects are what, how and who. The question answered by character and characterization is “who”. In this novel, the protagonist, the character every reader would wish to be like, is Resian. The family of Kaelo is a key family; Kaelo, Mama Milanoi and Taiyo. Close people to this family like Oloisudori, Olarinkoi, and Joseph Parmuat are equally key characters in this novel. There are still other characters that help in anchoring thematic concerns, the plot and style and they include: Simiren, his wives especially Yeiyoo Botorr and yeiyoo-kiti, Ole Supeyo, Nabaru, Minik, the enkamuratani and enkoiboni.
CHAPTER ONE: SYNOPSIS AND SUMMARIES OF CHAPTERS - GUIDE TO 'BLOSSOMS OF THE SAVANNAH'
SYNOPSIS OF BLOSSOMS OF THE SAVANNAH
The novel begins as Kaelo, his wife, Taiyo and Resian leave Nakuru for Nasila, a rural area in Maasai land. This is as a result of retrenchment of Kaelo who has been working as the manager of Agribix Limited. On reaching Nasila, Ole Kaelo’s are welcomed by uncle Simiren’s family which consists of four wives and sixteen children. In a move towards settling in Nasila the new home, Ole Kaelo visits his old friend Ole Sumpeyo. It is thirty years since Ole Kaelo left Nasila for Nakuru.
The Kaelo’s hold a homecoming party in which they invite members from the five clans aimed at re-linking the Kaelo family to the other villagers. Taiyo and Resian observe that some young men are suspicious of them for they are not circumcised. In an attempt of acquainting the two girls with Nasila culture, Kaelo informs Joseph Parmuat to teach Taiyo and Resian traditional songs and dances. As the young ones spend more time together, a love relationship begins to develop between Taiyo and Joseph but unfortunately due to cultural demands the relationship is restrained.
Unfortunately, there is an attempted rape on Resian and Taiyo. Consequently, an ad hoc group of men is formed to hunt down the culprits. After it is known that Lante and Ntara are responsible for the heinous act, punishment is meted on them. The novel reveals of how females have contributed significantly to the beginning and continuation of FGM through the Olarinkoi legendary story.
GUIDE TO 'BLOSSOMS OF THE SAVANNAH'
THE BIOGRAPHY OF HENRY OLE KULET
Henry ole Kulet was born in 1946. He is a veteran and award winning Kenyan writer known for his novels which capture aspects of environment, culture and experiences of Maasai people. He is an established author for he has written eight novels. Daughter of Maa is a story of quiet village that is stirred by a frenzy of activities by the arrival of a young and pretty community teacher, Anna Walangh. He authored It is possible in 1971, How To became a Man in 1972 and Bandits of Kibi in 1999. In Bandits of Kibi, he created scenes which came out during the Post-Election Violence in 2007 after the disputed elections.
THE PEARL GUIDE
The Pearl (about this tutorial)
Below are the Essential Questions, Theme Topics (Motifs), Thematic Questions, and Key Literary Terms that we will use for our analysis of The Pearl. These questions, theme topics, and terms will guide our discussion and analysis during this unit, so it is important for you to be familiar with them as you read. Use this overview to help guide your annotations and read through the background information before you read the novel.
A character is a person who takes part in the actions of a work of art.
She is a kitchen maid in the governor’s palace. She is a fiancé to Simon Shashava and a sister to Lavrenti Vashnadze.
She is the heroine in the play. She rescues Michael who is abandoned by her fleeing mother, Natella after the coup. To survive she makes several sacrifices and choices she stays with him for two years. She is described as
CORRUPTION/GREED AND MATERIALISM
Corruption mainly refers to lack of integrity or honesty and is mainly manifested by accepting bribes. Corrupt individuals use their privileged positions they have been entrusted with to make illegitimate gains, thus undermining their moral integrity. They are usually driven by greed. Forms of corruption vary and can include bribery, extortion, nepotism, and general embezzlement of mainly of public funds.