DEFINITION OF DATA AND INFORMATION
INFORMATION AND DATA
It is important that you understand the difference between information and data.
Data is raw facts; for example, a group of figures, a list of names and such like. By itself, data tells us nothing. Consider the following numbers:
212 263 189 220
In that form, the numbers could have a thousand different meanings. But if we add £ to the figures: £212 £263 £189 £220
We can now see that they are monetary values. If we add some dates:
January = £212
February = £263
March = £189
April = £220
Now we see that they demonstrate some kind of trend. They then convey information.
Information is therefore raw data processed so as to convey a new meaning.