|ANALYSIS OF KCSE COMPUTER STUDIES QUESTIONS & REVISION KITS|
|ANALYSIS OF KCSE COMPUTER STUDIES QUESTIONS & REVISION KITS|
JUNE 2019, FORM 1 COMPUTER STUDIES MIND BLOWING QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
1. Write the following acronyms in full
2. State advantages of the keyboard over a mouse
3. Which input devices is recommended for use by blind people.
4. Distinguish between magnetic and optical scanners
Magnetic scanners capture data using magnetic technology, while optical scanners capture data using a directed beam of light.
5. State two advantages of using a light pen over other input devices
6. State 3 factors to consider when purchasing/selecting input devices.
previously: A SPREADSHEET HAS THE FOLLOWING ENTRIES. PROVIDE A FORMULA FOR CELL C5 THAT CAN BE COPIED ONTO CELL D5 AND THE RANGE C6...D10 TO GIVE A UNIFORM INCREASE OF 10% OF THE PREVIOUS YEARS VALUE FOR EACH ITEM.
This is the ability for a computer to accept data either through input devices such as scanners, keyboards, mice and others or through information retrieved from storage devices.
Input of data is a main function because all other functions depend on the incoming data for processing and output.
Processing and storage are sometimes broken down as separate basic functions of a computer. However, looking at this critical idea keenly, we notice that processing and storage are sometimes inseparable this is because processing devices rely heavily on storage devices vis a vis.
Processing is an act where a computer converts raw meaningless piece of information called data into a more meaningful piece of information.
This is normally done with a closer help of primary storage devices such as the RAM, and special types of memories such as the registers, buffers and cache memory.
Processing is a main function of a computer because of the conversion, manipulation of numeric data and logical decisions.
This is an act for a computer to display the result of a processing activity. This can be done using output devices such as the monitor, printer, plotter, speakers etc.
The functions of a computer system cannot be complete without the output, simply because it gives a feedback of the result for the computer user to digest, change, amend, store or print.
next: GIVE ANY THREE PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES CONSIDERED TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF COMPUTERS IN A COMPUTER LABORATORY
What is a laser printer?
This is an electrostatic technology powered printer that uses a laser beam of light to create characters on a piece of paper.
How a laser printer works
RELATED LINKS ..
Advantages of laser printers
Disadvantages of laser printers
wHAT ARE SECONDARY sTORAGE DEVICES?
Also called auxiliary storage devices or persistent storage media are computer hardware devices involved in the storage of data, permanently.
These devices can be categorized as:
Related links ..
01. INPUT DECICES
These are devices that enter data into a computer and also covert data from human readable form to machine readable form.
Examples of these devices include:
02. Central Processing unit
The CPU-Central Processing Unit is a device made from a collection of integrated circuits. Its main functions are:
03. Primary Storage
These are devices that provide temporary storage for task that are to and from processing. They include:
04. Secondary Storage
These are devices that permanently store data in the computer or they are portable. They include:
05. Output Devices
These are devices that display activities in the CPU to the user and converts information from machine readable form to human readable form. These devices include:
In the evolution of computers, each of the passing computer generations had its own technology which was an improvement of the previous technology. Below is a match of computer generations with their processor technology and what each of the processors were capable of.
01. FIRST GENERATION COMPUTERS
They used thermionic valves
This is a device that controls electric current flow in a high vacuum between electrodes to which an electric potential difference has been applied. as a thermionic tube or thermionic valve uses the phenomenon of thermionic emission of electrons from a heated cathode and is used for a number of fundamental electronic functions such as signal amplification and current rectification. [Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vacuum_tube]
02. SECOND GENERATION COMPUTERS
They used transistors
A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power. It is composed of semiconductor material usually with at least three terminals for connection to an external circuit.
How does a transistor work ?
By turning a small input current into a large output current, the transistor acts like an amplifier. But it also acts like a switch at the same time. When there is no current to the base, little or no current flows between the collector and the emitter. Turn on the base current and a big current flows.
03. THIRD GENERATION COMPUTERS
They used Integrated Circuits (ICs)
A collection of transistors make up an Integrated Circuit
An integrated circuit (IC), sometimes called a chip or microchip, is a semiconductor wafer on which thousands or millions of tiny resistors, capacitors, and transistors are fabricated. An IC can function as an amplifier, oscillator, timer, counter, computer memory, or microprocessor. A particular IC is categorized as either linear (analog) or digital, depending on its intended application. [Source: https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/integrated-circuit-IC]
04. FOURTH GENERATION COMPUTERS
They used very large scale integrated (VLSI)
VLSI is an acronym that represents Very Large Scale Integrated.
A collection of Integrated Circuits (ICs) Make up VLSI
An Integrated Circuit is the circuit in which all the Passive and Active components are fabricated onto a single chip. Initially the Integrated Chip could accommodate only a few components. As the days passed, the devices became more complex and required more number of circuits which made the devices look bulky. Instead of accommodating more circuits in the system, an Integration technology was developed to increase the number of components that are to be placed on a single chip. This Technology not only helped to reduce the size of the devices but also improved their speed. Depending upon the number of components (Transistors) to be integrated, they were categorized as SSI, MSI, LSI, VLSI, ULSI & GSI.
Small Scale Integration (SSI):
What is an operating system
An operating system is a collection of integrated computer programs that provide recurring services to other programs or to the user of a computer.
These services consist of disk and file management, input/output activities, storage resources, diverse support services and control of various resources.
Ssmengg.edu.in describes an operating system as a program that acts as an intermediary between a user of a computer and the computer hardware. it further adds "the purpose of an operating system is to provide an environment in which a user can execute programs and the primary goal of an operating system is thus to make the computer system convenient to use."
Tutorial point describes an Operating System (OS) as an interface between a computer user and computer hardware. An operating system is a software which performs all the basic tasks like file management, memory management, process management, handling input and output, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.
Some popular Operating Systems include Linux Operating System, Windows Operating System, VMS, OS/400, AIX, z/OS, etc.
factors to consider when choosing an operating system
STATE REASONS WHY IS RECOMMENDED TO HAVE STANDARD FURNITURE IN THE COMPUTER LABORATORY
What it means by standard furniture
These are tables, chairs and shelves that have the quality required to set them up in the computer laboratory for use of computers and computer users.
There are two common types of furniture that can be found in the computer laboratory namely:
Why standard furniture?
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STATE FOUR CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPUTERS THAT MAKES THEM SMARTER THAN HUMAN BEINGS
1. THEY ARE EFFICIENT
2. THEY ARE ACCURATE
3. THEY ARE FAST IN PROCESSING
4. THEY ARE RELIABLE
5. THEY CAN WORK IN HAZARDOUS AREAS
6. THEY DON'T NEED SUPERVISION
7. THEY MAY HAVE A LARGER MEMORY AND STORAGE WHICH IS QUICKER TO ACCESS THAN HUMANS
Most computational neuroscientists tend to estimate human storage capacity somewhere between 10 terabytes and 100 terabytes, though the full spectrum of guesses ranges from 1 terabyte to 2.5 petabytes. (One terabyte is equal to about 1,000 gigabytes or about 1 million megabytes; a petabyte is about 1,000 terabytes.) Meanwhile a 64 bit Linux empowered computer can have a maximum of 256 Terabytes. At the 2015 Flash Memory Summit in California, Samsung unveiled the largest capacity hard drive in the world. It's a 2.5-inch solid state drive (SSD) that can hold 16 terabytes of data (15.36TB, to be exact).
STATE FIVE WAYS HOW KENYAN YOUTHS CAN USE COMPUTERS TO CREATE JOBS
1. RETAIL COMPUTERS
2. ENGAGE IN PROGRAMMING
3. ENGAGE IN GRAPHIC & ENGINEERING DESIGNS
4. LAUNCH A COMPUTER SCHOOL
5. ENGAGE IN ONLINE MARKETING & BLOGGING
online marketing is the second best paying career in the field of computers. Internet marketing, or online marketing, refers to advertising and marketing efforts that use the Web and email to drive direct sales via electronic commerce, in addition to sales leads from websites or emails. Learn more @ https://learndigital.withgoogle.com/digitalskills/course/digital-marketing
6. LAUNCH CLOUD COMPUTING SERVICES
cloud computing is the act of using a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server or a personal computer. Cloud computing business is the process of installing server computers to store, manage and process data on behalf of your clients (customers) at a fee agreed over a period of time. this can also involve SEO services, webdesign services, database management etc.
7. REGISTER, BUY, PARK AND SELL DOMAINS, DESIGN WEBSITES AND MOBILE APPLICATIONS
a domain is a name that represents the IP address of your website. for example, www.atikaschool.org, atikaschool.org is the domain name that represents (220.127.116.11) , .org is the extension that represent organisation and WWW is a name given to any device on the same network. You can therefore start a business of selling domains such as xxx.co.ke
8. OFFER TECHNICAL SERVICES SUCH AS REPAIR AND MAINTAINANCE
9. ENGAGE IN NETPRENEURSHIP AND FREELANCE SERVICES
10. PRODUCTION OF VIDEOS, ENTERTAINMENT, PODCASTS & MUSIC LYRICS
P.O Box 1189 - 40200
Tel: 0728 450 424
Tel: 0738 619 279
Tel: 0763 450 425
E-mail - email@example.com