CHRISTIAN APPROACHES TO HUMAN SEXUALITY, MARRIAGE AND FAMILY
[1994 Q 34]
[2002 Q 17]
Give five reasons why trial marriage is condemned by the church.
- Undermines dignity of the individual/ brings shame/ disrespect
- Undermine the institution of marriages/ not proper marriage/ spoiling marriage
- it is against God’s law
- It can lead to diseases
- The children born out of such union, lack identity/ role model/ single parenthood
- It is a sign of lack of commitment/ separation/ easily broken
- It promotes irresponsible sexual behavior
- leads to lack of trust/ honesty
- can lead to abortion/ death (5 x 1 = 5 mks)
[2002 Q 6B, C]
C) DESCRIBE THE PROBLEMS FACED BY A FAMILY LIVING WITH A MEMBER WHO IS LIVING WITH ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME. (AIDS)
- Social stigma/ suffers isolation
- Economic crises due to high rate of opportunistic diseases
- Poverty due to care/ medication
- Suffers depression as they watch their person wear off
- They condemn/ judge the person as a sinner
- They have to exercise high hygiene standards to ensure safety of other members
- Suffers a drawback in their occupation as most time is spent caring for the patient
- Struggle a lot to provide the required diet for proper maintenance
- Pretend to show love though they suffer bitterness inside themselves
- Quarrels/ misunderstanding within the family
[2003 Q 5b (pp 2)]
b) State the causes of prostitution in Kenya today.
- When sexual demand is not met in marriage relationship
- Peer group influence and pressure
- Separation dues to employment or divorce may cause prostitution to the affected as he may need company for sexual relation.
- Pornographic literature and films makes others to indulge in the evil
- Lack of income to earn a living
- Employment – some women leave their rural homes to search for jobs and if they fail are forced to result to prostitution
- Extreme poverty to an individual
[2003 Q 17]
Give five Christian teachings on human sexuality
- God created both male and female
- Male and female complement each other
- Male and female have distinctive role in creation
- Both share the image of God
- The union of male and female is consummated in marriage
- Male and female should live in harmony / should respect each other
- Procreate/ fulfill God’s command to multiply
- Sexual deviation is condemned (homosexuality, lesbianism, bestiality, adultery, sadomy, etc.
- Male and female should respect each other in regard each to his ability
- Sex is sacred
[2004 Q 5c]
c) Identify the effects of divorce on children in Kenya today.
- Loss of parental love/ guidance
- Can lead to abuse of drugs
- They can suffer emotional imbalance
- Can lead to school dropout/ truancy
- Children run away from home/ could become street children
- Can lead to child abuse/ labour
- Many engage in prostitution/ crime to provide for themselves ( criminals)
- Lead to disease/ death
[2004 Q 20
Identify five ways through which the church prepares the youth for marriage.
- Teaching them about reproductive health
- Preaching sermons on God’s design for marriage
- Encouraging chastity/ abstinence before marriage
- Having guidance and counselling before marriage
- Organizing seminars/ workshops/ retreats where topics on marriage are discussed
- Participating in joint church activities
- Christian leaders living exemplary lives that can be emulated
- Encouraging responsible/ positive relationship among sexes
- Training them to take up responsibility in life ( prepare for married life)
- Encourage the youth to seek God’s guidance through prayer / praying for them.
[2005 Q 20]
Identify five ways in which Christians assist people who are leaving with HIV?AIDS
- Praying for them/ preaching to them
- Guiding and counselling them
- Providing medical services for them
- Providing basic needs for both the infected the family members
- Educating them on ways of avoiding re- infection/ teach them to live positively initiating
- Income – generating activities to provide employment for them preaching against their discrimination/ advocating for legislation to support their existence
- Building home/ shelter for them
- Visiting them
[2005 Q 5c (pp 2)]
(b) Why is the church in Kenya opposed to the practice of wife inheritance?
- It may lead to abandonment of children/ wife
- It can cause jealousy/ breakage of the family
- It may lead to destruction of property/ snatching/ grabbing/ property
- It is dehumanizing/ oppressive to the woman/ widow
- It can lead to disease/ HIV/ AIDS
- It can cause embarrassment to the concerned members
- It is against the Christian teaching of monogamy
- It may lead to street children/ increase in crime
- It can lead to mistreatment of children/ wife
- It can lead to death
- It can create psychological/ emotional problems
[2006 Q 5A, C (PP 2)]
(A)WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF A MONOGAMOUS MARRIAGE?
- It enhances intimacy/ conjugal rights in the family
- It upholds dignity/ honour of the family members/ children respect their
- Security is enhanced
- Love is not divided
- It eases wrangles on property ownership/ inheritance
- It is a covenant protected by God/ the state
- Law and order prevails in the family/ there is harmony/ unity
- It reduces the risk of being infected with sexually transmitted infection/ HIV and AIDS
- Providing for family needs/ resources is easier
- It is easier to develop mutual confidence/ trust among family members
- It reduces delinquency among the children
- The woman takes pride in the marriage/ is able to enjoy privileges
[2006 Q 5A, C (PP 2)]
(c)Give reasons why the church is involved in the fight against HIV and AIDS
- It is a continuation of Jesus works of healing
- The church has a duty to guide and counsel/ promote moral values in the
- To cater for the infected / affected members within the church
- To conserve / preserve God’s creation
- It is the duty of the church to help reduce human suffering
- To promote economic development
- To promote peace in the family co- existence
[2007 Q 5 (pp 2)]
(a) Outline the Christian teachings on marriage
- Marriage should be between man and woman
- Marriage should be monogamous.
- Husband and wife should be complementary/help each other.
- The husband should love the wife.
- Marriage should be for companionship.
- Husband and wife should be faithful to each other.
- Conjugal rights should be enjoyed in marriage/sex should only be for married couples.
- The wife should submit to the husband
- Husband and wife should respect/cherish each other.
- Marriage is permanent/it is a commitment/no divorce.
- Marriage is God’s plan for human beings/it was instituted by God.
- The husband and wife should cleave to each other/become one/one flesh.
- Marriage provides for procreation/multiplication.
[2007 Q 5 (PP 2)]
(B) HOW SHOULD CHRISTIANS PREPARE FOR MARRIAGE?
- Pray to God for guidance in getting a partner.
- Identify the person to marry.
- Inform the parents/guardians about the person to marry.
- Propose to the, would be spouse.
- Inform the church leaders about their marriage plans.
- Attend seminars/counseling sessions on marriage
- Visit the parents/family of the, would be spouse to discuss marriage arrangements/get consent.
- Make arrangement to give dowry.
- Arrange with the church on when the marriage can take place/fix a wedding date.
- Identify the marriage witnesses best man/maid/best couple.
- Ensure there is availability of finance/resource.
[2007 Q 5 (PP 2)]
(C) GIVE REASONS WHY SOME CHRISTIANS BREAK THEIR MARRIAGE VOWS?
- Due to unfaithfulness/adultery.
- Financial constraints/poverty
- Pressure from in-laws.
- Lack of faith in God.
- Influence from friends/peers.
- Lack of guidance and counseling.
- Lack of children/barrenness/having children of one sex.
- Effects of mass media/foreign culture.
- Poor role models.
- Denial of conjugal rights/dissatisfaction.
[2010 Q 5b(pp 2)]
(b) Give six reasons why some young people are choosing to remain unmarried in Kenya today.
- They have seen/experienced incidents of broken marriages/unfaithfulness in marriage.
- In order to pursue their career/education.
- They are not ready to take responsibilities of marriage
- Poverty/lack of jobs/inadequate resources to start a family/economic empowerment.
- Permissiveness allows many to satisfy their sexual lust without marriage commitment.
- Failure to get an expected idea partner.
- Marriage is no longer a communal duty/it is an individual decision.
- Religious commitment/superstition hinder one from involving themselves in marriage.
- Low self-esteem/lack of confidence, fear of being jilted/failed relationship.
21. 2012 Q5b, 5c
(b) Give seven reasons why Christians in Kenya condemn homosexuality. (7 marks)
- Homosexuality is form of immorality.
- It is against God’s/ Biblical teachings/ it is a sin
- It is an abuse to sacredness of sex
- It is contrary to the natural order of things
- Homosexuality does not enable procreation to take place
- It lowers the dignity of human beings who are created in the image of God.
- It can lead to diseases lie HIV/AIDs leading to human suffering.
- It may lead to psychological problems like stress/ depression.
- It leads to rejection/ being an outcast
22.  PP1, 6a
(a) How do the aged in traditional African communities prepare their family members before they die? (7 marks)
- Inviting the family members to share a common meal
- Identifying the leader of the family
- Disclosing to the members all the property owned
- Sharing I distributing the property among family members
- Giving advice to family members
- Blessing the family members
- Reconciling family members / resolving conflicts
- Identifying the debtors /creditors
- Identifying the burial site I giving instruction’s regarding the funeral. [7 x 1 = 7 marks]
23.  PP2, 4b
(b) Give five examples of relationships based on false love in Kenya today. (5 marks)
- A relationship which is based on material possessions/status of an individual
- A relationship which is based on lust/sex satisfaction
- A relationship which is based on physical attraction only
- A relationship which favours / discriminates against race/tribe/education/gender/religion/social status
- A relationship which starts when one is in trouble
- A relationship which ends when one is in trouble
- A relationship which is based on taking advantage of a partner
- A relationship which is overprotective/over possessive (5 x I = 5 marks)
24.  PP2, 5a
(a) State five similarities between the traditional African and Christian view on human sexuality. (5 marks)
- In both sexuality is a gift from God
- In both human sexuality is sacred/holy
- In both the gift of sex should be enjoyed in marriage
- In both the gift of sex is for procreation
- There are rules/regulations regarding the use of the gift of sex in both
- Elders/parents are to guide/teach the youth regarding their sexuality in both
- In both sexual offences are punishable (5 x 1 = 5 marks)
(b) Explain five factors that have led to the increase of intermarriages among communities in Kenya today. (10 marks)
25.  PP2, 5c
(c) State five challenges that children from single parent families face in Kenya. (5 marks)
26.  PP2, 5a
(a) Identify the causes of premarital sex among the youth in Kenya today. (8 marks)
27.  PP2, 5b
(b) State the Christian teaching on marriage. (7 marks)
28.  PP2, 5c
(c) Give reasons why virginity is encouraged in both traditional African communities and Christianity. (5 marks)
29.  PP1, 6b
(b)Which moral values were acquired during marriage in Traditional African Communities? (5 marks)
30.  PP1, 6a
(a) Give seven reasons why pregnancy before marriage is rare in traditional African communities. (7 marks)
31.  PP2, 5a
(a) Give seven advantages of a monogamous marriage. (7 marks)
32.  PP2, 5b
(b) Outline the importance of children in both Christianity and traditional African communities. (6 marks)
33.  PP2, 5c
(c) Identify seven ways through which Christians help to minimise conflicts between parents and their children in Kenya today. (7 marks)
CHRISTIAN APPROACHES TO HUMAN SEXUALITY
CHRISTIAN APPROACHES TO LAW
CHRISTIAN APPROACHES TO LEISURE
CHRISTIAN APPROACHES TO SELECTED ISSUES RELATED TO MODERN SCIENCE
CHRISTIAN APPROACHES TO WEALTH
CHRISTIAN APPROACHES TO WORK
INTRODUCTION TO CHRSITIAN ETHICS
ORDER AND JUSTICE