Define the term Agrarian Revolution
Agrarian Revolution refers to radical changes and improvements in agriculture and animal domestication
Describe the characteristics of agriculture in Western Europe before the 18th century.
Agrarian revolution started with invention and use of machines from mid 18th century, when food production increased as the number of workers on the farm reduced. By the Neolithic period, agriculture had reached Europe, particularly Switzerland, Spain, Italy and Turkey, where rice and barley were mainly grown.
The following were the characteristics of agriculture in Western Europe before the 18th century:
THE OPEN FIELD SYSTEM
Describe the Open Field system as practised by farmers in Western Europe before the 18th century (Explain farming in Britain as practised under the Open Field system.)
AGRARIAN REVOLUTION IN BRITAIN
From mid 18th century onwards, scientific ideas and new techniques of farming were applied as a result of the scientific and industrial revolutions.
The changes that marked the Agrarian Revolution in Britain. (What were the characteristics of the agrarian revolution in Britain?)
THE LAND ENCLOSURE SYSTEM
How the Enclosure system serve as an agricultural landmark in Britain
AGRARIAN REVOLUTION IN CONTINENTAL EUROPE
Reasons why farming in continental Europe was not as advanced as it was in Britain. Continental European countries learnt modern methods of farming from Britain. Initially, farming in continental Europe was not as advanced as it was in Britain because:
Two advances in medical science that add up to continental Europe’s contribution to development of farming.