Guidance implies directing, advising, helping or steering the individual into the right direction. Guidance also refers to broad area of education activities and services that helps individuals in the following ways
Types of counselling and categories of counselling have been interchangeably used to mean the other by scholars, this is a cause of confusion until I read this report from two Nigerian scholars who made a clear distinction between the two. But still, there are counsellors who use categories of counselling to mean types of counselling vis a vis.
Types of Counselling
According to Olugbenga David Ojo,(PhD) and Dr. Ogidan Rotimi (2014) of the National Open University of Nigeria, there are two types of counselling namely: Individual counselling and Group counselling.
This is referred to as one-to-one counselling. It occurs between the professionally trained Counsellor (Therapist) and his client (Counsellee). The goal of this is to help the client to understand himself, clarify and direct his thought, in order to make a worthwhile decision. Through this, clients’ problems are alleviated. Frumboltz and Thoreson (1967) as cited in Ojo (2005) remarked that it is mainly to bring about change in the client either by altering maladaptive behaviour, learning the decision making process or preventing problems.
This is a counselling session that takes place between the professionally trained counsellor and a group of people. Number of this group should not be more than seven, or at least ten, in order to have a cohesive group and an effective well controlled counselling session. Members of the groups are clients/counselees whose tasks or problems that are meant for resolution are similar.
Categories of Counselling
Counselling can be classified into different spheres of life in which human beings could encounter problems. Common counselling categories include:-
There should be a clear disinction between categories of counselling and types of counselling to avoid confusing scholars and learners. As stated by Olugbenga David Ojo,(PhD) and Dr. Ogidan Rotimi (2014) in their report, the distinction between the two looks to be in order thus there are only two types of counselling with numerous categories of counselling. Our questions could have therefore been rephrased to look like