K.C.S.E Biology Q & A - MODEL 1996PP1QN 21
Explain how the mammalian skin is adapted to perform its functions
The cornified layer is made up of dead cells, that prevent entry of bacteria and prevent physical damage; melanin protects the body against U-V variation; sebaceous glands produce a chemical/ ring substance which is of blood vessel; which when the body temperature is high dilate and heat is lost or when body temp is low blood vessels constrict.
And heat is retained. Hair when it is called, stands and traps air between themselves; to retain heat/ stop heat loss or when it is hot hair lies flat close on the skin; so does not trap air, and therefore heat is retained and sweat is lost; the skin has sweat glands which produces sweat;
sweat evaporates thus cooling the body.