K.C.S.E Biology Q & A - MODEL 2000PP1QN19
How are leaves of mesophytes suited to their functions
Broad/ wide/ flat lamina provides large surface area for absorption of (O) and sunlight, thin to ensure short distance of CO2 reach photosynthesis/ palisade cells; presence of stomata guard cells for efficient diffusion of O2 gaseous exchange / H2O vapour transpiration/ CO2 into the leaf transparent cuticle epidermal cells; for light penetration into palisade cell which contains chloroplast next to upper epidermis; these receives maximum light for photosynthesis. Chloroplasts have chlorophyll, which traps light energy.
Leaves have vein, xylem and phloem to transport products of photosynthesis to other part of the plant.
Air spaces on spongy mesopyll, easily circulates gases/ CO2 diffuse into palisade cells.
Mosaic arrangements of leaves; enable leaves to trap sunlight.