(a)Figure 3 show the changes that take place between states of matter. Some of them have been identified and others labelled.
i) Give the names of the processes
ii) Name one substance that can undergo process F when left in an open container in the laboratory.
iii) The process J is called deposition. Using water as an example, write an equation that represents the process of deposition.
b) Figure 4 shows the beating curve for water.
i) Give the names of the intermolecular forces of attraction in the segments;
ii) The heats of fusion and vaporization of water are 334.4 Jg-1 and 1159.4 Jg-1 respectively.
I Explain why there is a big difference between the two.
II How is the difference reflected in the curve?
c) Coal, oil and natural gas are major sources of energy. They are known as fossil fuels. Hydrogen is also a source of energy.
i) State and explain two reasons why hydrogen is a very attractive fuel compared to fossils.
ii) State one disadvantage of using hydrogen fuel instead of fossil fuels.
(i) I. Condensation
(ii) Iodine, Benzoic acid, Camphos, Dry Ice. Solid CO2 Naphthalene
(iii) H2O(g) →H2O(g)
(i) Van des waals and hydrogen bonding
II Van des waals forces
(ii)I. The separation distance is smaller during fusion than during vaporization hence requires much lower energy than in vaporization and vice versa.
II. Heating time NP is far much less than heating time in QR/ Heating time
(i) Hydrogen burns to produce steam which is a non pollutant/ does not cause pollution to the environment
Hydrogen has a high energy content hence very small amount produce a lot of heat energy
Hydrogen is renewable hence cannot be exhausted/ used completed.
(ii) It can easily explore when burning/ highly flammable unlike fossils fuels expensive.
Related Chemistry Questions and Answers on Energy Changes in Chemical and Physical Processes Form 4 Level
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Maurice Atika is a teacher and a netprenuer.