Alignment or simply text alignment is a word processor feature that helps in the positioning of text/graphics in relation to the page margin. There are four commonly used types of text alignment namely:
Indenting is an action of using word processor indenting tools to push text closer or away from the page margin. There are two levels of indents namely;
There are two types of indents namely:
Spacing is a word processor feature that creates spaces between characters and between lines of text
Character spacing is an act of inserting spaces within characters of text.
To insert character spaces;
Section breaks are page setup features of a word processor that lets the user add page, section or column breaks to the document.
Section breaks are used when planning for a document to have more than one section for convenience in editing, formatting and adding of different formats of page numbers, insert new pages, insert new column breaks and separate text around objects.
To apply section breaks
v. Bullets and numbering
Bullets are symbols used in word processors to represent a list of items while numbering represents a list of items using numbers and letters.
Bullets and numbering are used to represent a list of items in a document. This makes your work organized, tidy and easy to read.
To apply bullets:
The word font is used in word processing either to mean a combination of font faces (font family such as Times New Roman) or attributes that can be used to format font face such as sizing, drop caps, change case, superscript and subscript, emphasizing features, strikethrough etc..
Note that all font features are found at font dialog box (click on font group at the ribbon – click on the launcher at the bottom right of the group and a dialog box will open)
a. Drop Caps
A drop cap is a feature that makes the first character in a sentence or paragraph appear larger in a way that it can occupy the space of two or more lines
There are two types of drop caps featured in most word processors
The dropped drop cap is a feature that lets that first character in a sentence drop in a specific number of lines i.e.
ii. In Margin
The In margin drop cap was designed so that the first character could be dropped in a large number of lines such as a paragraph i.e.
To apply drop caps:
b. Change case
Change case is a word processor feature that converts a group of selected text into upper, lower, title, sentence and toggle case
this is a feature in word processors that puts a small text slightly below the normal line of text. It is mostly used to type chemical formulae i.e. CU2SO4
To activate a subscript;
A superscript is a feature in word processors that raise the level of text slightly above the normal text line. It is used to type mathematics and formula related data.
To apply superscript, proceed as follows;
(a) Text formatting
Text formatting is an act of applying formatting features to individually selected text. Such features include:
Bolding is a feature that turns text thick and darker
The main aim of bolding text is to put an emphasis to attract user’s attention. In common cases, headings, important facts and titles are bolded.
To apply bolding;
a. Highlight the text you want to bold
b. On the font group at the ribbon click on B
c. To quickly bold, use the keyboard shortcut keys (CTRL + B)
Italicizing is an act of making text slant forward
Use Italics when you want to emphasize a certain word or phrase. A common use for italics is to draw attention to a particular part of a text in order to provide emphasis. If something is important or shocking, you might want to italicize that word or phrase so that your readers don't miss it.
a. Select the piece of text you want to italicize;
b. Press (CTRL+I) on the keyboard or;
c. Click on I on the font group at the ribbon
Underlining is an act of placing a line below a selected piece of text.
Underlining is used in hand-written or typewritten documents as a way to emphasize key text. In printed documents. Underlining is generally avoided, with italics or small caps often used instead, or (especially in headings) using capitalization or bold type.
a. Select the piece of text you want to underline
b. Press (CTRL + U) or;
c. Press U on the font group of the ribbon