Chapter Nine Christian Approaches to Law, Order and Justice
CHRISTIAN RESPONSE TO ISSUES RELATED TO WEALTH, MONEY AND POVERTY
Ql. Explain the biblical teaching on wealth
Q2. Discuss the biblical teaching on acquisition and use of wealth
Q3. Explain ways in which people misuse wealth in Kenya today
Q5. Give ways in which Kenyan Government is alleviating levels of poverty
Q6. State the factors that have contributed to high levels of poverty in Kenya today
Christian Approaches To Leisure: And the Use and Abuse of Drugs
Ql. Identify five (5) reasons why the taking of alcohol as a way of spending leisure is condemned
Ql Write down 5 ways in which modern Christian use their leisure time
Q4. Identify ways in which Christians can overcome temptations to drug abuse
Q6. What factors have contributed to the misuse or leisure in Kenya today?
Q7. State the factors that have led to the misuse of drugs in Kenya today
Christians Approaches to Work
Ql. What is work?
Work means any human activity, be it manual, intellectual or both
Q2. List any six reasons why people work
Q3. List some of the factors that have changed the attitude towards work in the modern society
Q6. Why has child labour become common In Kenya?
This s the employment of children on a full time basis
Q8. What can the Government do to reduce unemployment in Kenya?
Q 5. What is the Christian teaching on responsible sexual behavior?
Q6. List the different types of irresponsible sexual behavior
Q8. State the effects of irresponsible sexual behavior
The Family Review Questions
Q5. State the different types of families
Ql. Explain the Traditional African understanding of marriage
Q3. What is the Christian teaching about marriage?
Q5. Why are many people opting for celibacy instead of marriage today?
Christian Ethics Questions
Ql. What is the meaning of Christian Ethics?
Male/Female Relationships Questions
Ql. Explain seven Christian teachings on male/female relationships
Human Sexuality Questions
Ql. Explain the Traditional African understanding of human sexuality
The Christian View on the Effects of Modern Science and Technology on the Environment (Pollution, Desertification)
In Genesis 1, man was given the responsibility of taking care of the environment
Ways of taking care of the environment
Pollution and Its Effects
Its Introduction Into the environment of substances or energy that is liable to cause hazards to human health, harm to living resources and ecological systems.
In simple terms pollution Is the contamination of the environment
Substances that cause pollution are called pollutants. Some of the pollutants Include:-
Types of pollution
This is the Increase of substances in water in excess of its rightful chemical components thus makIng it unsuitable for human, animal or plant use
Effects of water pollution
Presence of contaminants in the atmosphere caused by
Effects OF AIR POLLUTION
Land pollution is any physical or chemical alteration to land, which causes change in its use and renders it incapable of beneficial use without treatment
Effects OF LAND POLLUTION
Noise over 80 decibels can cause (effects)
Pollution caused by radiation
This is slow encroachment of desert - like a condition to land that was previously productive making it desolate, uncultivated and uninhabitable. Human activity accelerates creation of deserts
Causes of deserts
Human activities that lead to desertification are:-
Solutions to Desertification
Land can be restored through the following ways;
b. Blood transfusion
c. Organ transplant
d. Genetic engineering
e. Plastic surgery
It’s a Greek word, which means an easy and painless death. It is ‘mercy killing’ ending a person’s life so as to alleviate them from experiencing pain. It's practiced with the sick person’s knowledge, it is involuntary when its practiced against or without the sick person’s consent
It's done by
Science — subject field that deals with a systematic study of our surroundings and behaviour of materials in the universe It is based on observation, experimentation and measurement.
Technology — application of science to achieve desired objectives
Environment — our surroundings — both natural and human made i.e. mountains, lakes, land, forests, animals, buildings, flowers etc
Positive and Negative Effects of Science and Technology
Ways science and technology has improved human lives
Negative effects of science and technology
ROLE OF CHRISTIANS IN TRANSFORMING THE SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, POLITICAL LIFE OF THE SOCIETY
Transformation is to completely change the attitude, character, and well being of the society
a) Christian participation in the social life
Ways in which Christians may fight the rising trend of rape in our society todayWays in which Christians may fight the rising trend of rape in our society today
b) Christian's participation in the political life
c) Christian participation in economic life
d) The Church-State Relationship
The government and the church interact at various levels and in different areas
However the church differs with government on various issues such as
Social disorder is a state of confusion or lack of order in the society
Causes of Social Disorders
Discrimination is unfair treatment discrimination is on basis of
Causes of discrimination
Inequitable distribution of wealth and resources
This is when riches of family, community, and nation are not fairly shared out due to Selfishness or poor planning. Some areas are marginalized.
unfair treatment of people because of their race
discrimination on basis of ethnic group
an offence against state, normally settled in court. Its antisocial behaviour causing disorder
Causes of crime (Why people commit crime)
2. Public distrust for law enforces
3. Lack of parental guidance
4. Wide gap between the rich and the poor
5. Greed for power, money
7. Drug and substance abuse
Remedies to social disorder
Forms of punishment
Equitable distribution of national resources
Campaign against drug abuse
"[Proverbs 22:16] One who oppresses the poor to increase his wealth and one who gives gifts to the rich—both come to poverty"
Values are beliefs, which guide people on what is right and wrong. There are:-
"[Hosea 9:9] They have sunk deep into corruption, as in the days of Gibeah. God will remember their wickedness and punish them for their sins"
"[2 Peter 2:20] If they have escaped the corruption of the world by knowing our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and are again entangled in it and are overcome, they are worse off at the end than they were at the beginning"
How christians use life skills to tackle corruption
Life skills are abilities, which enable a person to face the challenges of life in an effective way. They are:-
This is a process of identifying the best alternative to overcome a challenge encountered. Often decisions we make do not only affect us but those around us.
Steps to decision — making
"[2 Peter 1:4] Through these he has given us his very great and precious promises, so that through them you may participate in the divine nature, having escaped the corruption in the world caused by evil desires"
Bribery and corruption are related terms.
Fighting against bribery and corruption
In Kenya, Kenya Anti Corruption commission KACC is a national body formed to fight corruption.
The Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission (KACC) is a public body created by the Anti-Corruption and Economic Crimes Act in 2003. The KACC became fully operational in August 2005 and replaced previous agencies and units working on corruption-related issues. The KACC is responsible for investigating and preventing corruption, economic crimes and educating the public on the dangers of corruption. The KACC does not have any prosecution powers, but forwards cases to the Attorney General. The KACC receives regular funding and has a full-time staff, which, according to Global Integrity 2009, is among the best-paid public officials in Kenya.
Factors leading to bribery and corruption
Consequences of corruption and bribery
Christian can respond by
Affluence — having a lot of material possessions and a luxurious standard of living. Poverty is a state of lack of the basic necessities
Illegal means of acquiring wealth include fraud, grabbing public land, selling narcotic drugs etc.
Factors that have contributed to poverty
Measures to eradicate Poverty
Teaching on wealth
Christian teaching on poverty
a) Wealth: — accumulation
Examples of currencies in the world are
Causes of poverty
Drug abuse has become a global problem. Remedies or solutions include:-
Guidance and counselling
Christian criteria for Evaluating the use of Leisure
Criteria — criterion —is a principle or standard for judging something.
How does a Christian determine whether a certain leisure activity is lawful, acceptable before God — criteria for evaluating the use of leisure
CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL & DRUG ABUSE
Effects of drug abuse
Drug abuse poses danger to the health of a person, affects family, society in general
Effects of drug abuse are:-
A drug is any substance which when taken may alter or cause changes in the normal functioning of the body.
Types of drugs
Cocaine from coca leaves
Importance of leisure Is necessary in various ways
Uses of leisure
Leisure can be used for:-
Misuse of leisure today
Leisure time can be misused through various activities e.g.
Review DISCUSSION Questions
Christian teach that
Ways Christian use their leisure time
TRADITIONAL AFRICAN UNDERSTANDING OF LEISURE
Examples of leisure activities in traditional African society
Examples of leisure activities in traditional African society include:-
Leisure activities that were communal include:-
Meaning of Leisure
Work is an obligation
however people cannot work 24 hours. They need to rest. God rested on the 7th day after work. Work and rest are complementary elements of human life.
Definition of leisure
This is the time when one is free from work or other duties. Time at one’s own disposal, which can be utilized in a productive manner depending on one’s interests and abilities. Leisure provides mental, physical relaxation, spiritual, emotional relaxation and enrichment
Forms of leisure
Examples of activities of passive leisure are
Examples of activities of active leisure are
What is leisure is used for?
In passive leisure others entertain while in active leisure the person is active, whole body is involved.
Active leisure enables a person to:
Leisure activities should be planned for - Leisure activities can also be economic, income generating activities.
When people are capable and willing to work but are unable to find a viable income or occupation it is referred to as unemployment.
Response of Christians to issues of unemployment
Self-employment is an economic activity initiated, controlled by an individual. It is an occupation in which a person initiates a personal enterprise and manages it with the help of others.
Examples Small businesses enterprises
Problems / challenges