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Elijah means “Yahweh is my God”
Factors that led to spread of idolatry in Israel
The Israelites were not supposed to:
The following contributed to this:
A. The local Canaanite religion
The Canaanite religion had the following features/ qualities;
-It was predominantly a nature religion related to forces of nature e.g. rain and drought. They were a means of maintaining the ordered harmony of nature and the life of the community/it was cyclic they repeated seasons.
It was polytheistic/ comprised of many gods and goddesses’ e.g.
-Festivals and feasts were celebrated in honour of the gods and goddesses e.g.
-There were prophets and prophetess for each god and goddess.
Each god and goddess played a specific role in the community e.g.
-There were temples/shrines/high places of worship of the god and goddess.
-Agricultural activities were linked to appeasing Baal, the rain god.
Influence of the local Canaanite Religion
-The burnt offering – given wholly for the deity.
-Cereal offering of the fruits.
-Israel adopted great festivals which belonged to the structure of agriculture life in Canaan e.g.
B. The religious schism between Judah and Israel
Ways in which King Jeroboam contributed to religious schism between Judah and Israel. 1Kings 12:25 – 33
C. King Ahab’s marriage with a Phoenician princess (I Kings 16:29 – 34)
The third factor that led to idolatry in Israel was Ahab’s marriage to Queen Jezebel who promoted idolatry in the following ways:
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