Describe the results of the Second World War
Loss of life It is estimated that 30 million people died either in battle or as civilians through bombing.
The atomic bombs which were used against Japan released radio-active substances which affected the lives of many-people.
Permanent ill health and shortening of life for millions of people as a result of years of under-nourishment of captivity.
Destruction of properties such as homes, houses, building and bridges.
Agriculture and industry were disrupted due to lack of equipment, raw materials and human resources.
Psychological and emotional problems to families, individuals and nations as a result of the torture of the war.
Economies of countries that were involved in the war were destroyed leading to depression/economic slump/huge sums of money were spent on the war.
External trade almost came to a stand still due to fear and insecurity.
There was a high inflation rate which led to high cost of living.
Large numbers of peoples were displaced which led to great suffering/repair
The pre-war balance of power was destroyed and power vacuum was filled by two new super powers, the USA and USSR
The communist zone extended to cover half of the continent of Europe. This Europe down the middle.
To check the spread of communism in Europe, the USA assisted weakened European powers through the Marshal plan.
The division of Europe into two opposing blues led to the cold war which was followed by an arms race between USA and USSR.
The failure of the League of Nations to maintain world peace led to the founding of the United Nations Organization.
Germany was divided into two, capitalist West Germany and communist East Germany. The city of Berlin was also divided between the East and the West.
The myth of European military superiority was destroyed due to the defeat of British and American forces in the Far East by the Japanese.
Participation of Africans in the War strengthened African nationalism
Creation of state of Israel to settle the displaced Jews.
The war created unemployment because the demoralized servicemen increased demand for jobs.