Describe the social organization of the Agikuyu during the Pre – colonial period.
The smallest social unit was the family.
Several related families formed a clan (mbari) which lived in a defined area.
The Agikuyu practiced circumcision for boys and clictoridectomy for girls.
The Agikuyu had age – set system (riika) made up of boys and girls who were initiated at the same period.
Members of the age set worked together and considered each other as brothers and sisters.
Marriage was highly regarded among the Agikuyu as one would raise a family and also own properties.
The Agikuyu believed in the existence of a supreme God called Ngai who lived on Mount Kenya (Kirinyaga)
The Agikuyu had prayed and made sacrifices to God on various occasions.
The Agikuyu also believed in the existence of ancestral spirit who acted as intermediaries between God and the people.
The Agikuyu had sacred places of worship such as groves and fig trees.
The Agikuyu had some specialists such as prophets, medicine people and rainmakers who were consulted in time of need.