Explain five factors which led to the decline of the coastal towns after 1500
Disruption of trade by the Portuguese resulted in loss of revenue
Constant warfare and conflicts between the Portuguese and the coastal towns led to the total destruction of some coastal settlements
Invasion of coastal settlement by the Zimba led to the disruption of economic activities of the coastal settlement.
Increased conflicts between the city states discouraged traders from the interior to bring trade goods to the coast.
The draught spell hindered farming activities
Conflicts between the Mazrui family and the AI Busaidi family over the control of the coastal settlement.
Taxes levied on the coastal settlements by the corrupt Portugueseadministrators weakened the economic base of the settlements.
Rivalry between European Nations for the control of the trade along the East African Coast led to the decline of some coastal towns.