Explain the political organization of Mwene Mutapa Kingdom during the pre- colonial period.
The empire was ruled by the emperor who was both head of state and Government
The office of the emperor was hereditary
The emperor was assisted in administering the empire by the queen mother, head drummer, emperor’s sister, emperor’s principal wives the chancellor and military
The empire was divided into provinces which were ruled by lesser kings/ chiefs who were directly answerable to the emperor
The Empire had a standing army which was used for defense and expansion of the kingdom
The emperor controlled trade activities whose revenue was used to sustain the empire and the army.
Priests acted as a link between the people and the emperor
The king was military leader
The king was a religious leader/ semi divine