Explain the social effects of urbanization in Europe during the nineteenth century.
Migration of people to urban centres/led to overcrowding.
Inadequate housing due to high concentration of people in urban centres.
Poor sewerage and sanitation facilities exposed people to diseases such as cholera and typhoid.
Concentration of industries led to environmental pollution which resulted to respiratory aliments/diseases.
Concentration of people led to shortage of food which resulted in malnutrition.
Frustration and suffering urban life led to anti-social behaviour such as drug abuse, alcoholism and prostitution.
Increase in crime rate and violence created fear and insecurity.
Poor working conditions e.g. child labour, long working hours and lack of workman’s compensation dehumanized urban dwellers.
High concentration of people in urban centres strained the social amenities
Excessive rural immigration led to unemployment
Led to social interaction between different class of people
Shortage of housing led to development of slums
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