Why did the industrial revolution take place in Britain ahead of other European countries?
Britain had ready markets for industrial products within the British Empire
The empire was also a source of raw material for industries in Britain.
She had large reserves of coal, which was used, as a source of industrial Energy
She had a well- established cottage industry which provided a basis for the industrial growth
Some of the inventions that accelerated industrialization were made in Britain e.g. steam engine
Britain had developed a strong economic base in her participation in overseas trade.
There existed a class of rich businessmen who were keen to invest in the Industries
Availability of labour following the displacement of peasants as a result of the Agrarian revolution.
Agrarian revolution led to production of adequate food for the industrial Workers.
Existence of well developed banking and insurance systems which advanced loans to entrepreneurs
Protection of her trading ships from piracy by her strong navy
Britain had a well- developed transport system both land and water
Availability of skilled labour
Britain enjoyed relatively long period of peace and stability