By the end of the topic, the learner should be able to:
Meaning of the Quran
[Q: 36:2]; [Q: 85:21];[Q: 17:9]
The Quran is a religious book used by Muslims all over the world as a book of guidance. Most of the world religions have their specific books which they use for reference. Do you know any religious books used by members other faiths? Can you mention any of them? Just as every religion has its own religious book, Muslims have the Quran as their main source of reference and they have a duty to learn, understand and constantly refer to it. As a Muslim, have you read the Quran? Muslims believe that the Holy Quran is the last book to be revealed by Allah. It is because of its important position in the Islamic faith that throughout our course we shall be using the Quran as our immediate source of reference.
Can you remember the meaning of the word Quran from your Islamic Religious Education in Primary school?
This word comes from an Arabic root qara'a which means "to read or to recite.” Quran in Arabic therefore literally means recitation or something that is continuously recited. It is equivalent in meaning to qira'ah, as both come from the same verb ‘qara'a.’ This name is specifically mentioned in the text of the Quran as a reference to itself in several places. From the verses you have read, you will learn that the Quran has been referred as a book of guidance, a book full of wisdom and a Glorious. Read the following verses:
In Islam the word Quran is defined as the divine speech of Allah Subhanahu Wa Taala (S.W.T), sent down upon the last Prophet Muhammad Peace be Upon Him (P.B.U.H), through the Angel Jibril Aleihi Swalatu wa Salaam(A.S) to human kind. Since its revelation the Quran has remained the same without being distorted.
Other Names of the Quran
Do you know that the Quran is referred to with other different names? Mention some of these names. For the names you have mentioned, it can be seen that some of the names of the Quran have been referred to in the Quran itself while others are derived from the functions of the Quran. Among these names are:
The term Ulum means ‘a science.’It Refers to the detailed scientific study of a subject. If you look at the various subjects you are offered in Form one, you will notice that each of them has a different approach of studying it.These approaches are what we refer to as Ulum (the Science).The Quran, being a wide subject area of study also has its unique features that must be studied in a particular way. Therefore, Ulumul Quran is a scientific study that includes a variety of fields related to Al – Quran such as it’s:
Need for the revelation of the Quran.
Revelation is the divine communication of Allah (S.W.T) to his creatures. In this communication, Allah (S.W.T) either uses the Arch Angel Jibril or any by other methods which shall be studies in Form Two. An example of this communication is when Allah (S.W.T) revealed to the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) the first five verses of Sura al-Alaqa through Angel Jibril. Refer to [Q: 96:1-5]
The above paragraph shows us thatthe Almighty Allah (S.W.T) communicates to his Prophets in the form of revelations. Allah (S.W.T) says in the Holy Quran that;
“It is not fitting for a man that Allah should speak to him except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or by sending of a messenger to reveal, with Allah’s permission, what Allah will; for He is most High, Most Wise.”[Q: 42:51]
From the verse we have read, we see the Arch Angel Jibril acting as an intermediary between Allah (S.W.T) and the prophets as the bearer of the revelation.Angel Jibril undertook the following duties in the revelation of the Qur’an:
The role of Angel Jibril
SURAT UL FATIHA
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questions and answers on the quran
Give reasons why the Quran is the Last and Final Word of God
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Why is it important to memorize the Quran?
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Discuss the significance of the preservation of the Quran.
Give five benefits of translating the Quran into Kiswahili.
What are limitations of translating the Quran into other languages?
Give reasons for narrating stories of the Prophets in the Holy Qur’an.
There are many wisdoms and reasons why the stories of prophets mentioned in the Quran. The most significant of them are as follows:
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Explain the importance of the Qur’an to a Muslim.
State ways in which the Quran has been protected from interpolation.
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Give five facts that prove that the Quran is from Allah.
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State the lessons that Muslims can learn from Surah Al-Fiil.