Consequences of breaking oaths in Traditional African Society (TAS)
Causes of Sin Biblically and African Traditional Society
CAUSES OF SIN
African communities were regulated by a strict code of laws and moral values. In this lesson we shall study moral values, which regulated individual members of society as well as the community itself.
What is a cultural value?
These are community practices and beliefs. Each community has cultural values that it accepts and upholds. These cultural values are laws, customs, and forms of behavior, regulations, rules, observances and taboos.
The cultural values form a moral code, which regulates the community. For example, if the culture, values private property, it will have laws that forbid theft of property. These laws are cultural values. Cultural values influence the social order and peace. God gives peace and harmony. God is seen as the giver and guardian of the law. Disobedience was and still is regarded as evil, wrong and was and still is punishable by law.
What are Moral Values?
Moral values are acts/deeds that are acceptable or good in the society.
Moral values are standards of behavior towards others. They are based on what is valued by the community. Moral values are also positive attitudes. Each community decided what is important to it and what is desirable for its members to practice and uphold.
Examples of moral values
Tolerance and perseverance
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Questions that you will most likely meet in examinations
Give five reasons why virginity is encouraged in both traditional African communities and Christianity. (5 mks)
Identify the moral values acquired during initiation (6 mks)
Identify eight moral values acquired during marriage in traditional African communities. (8 mks)
What are the differences between the Jewish and Traditional African practices of circumcision? - KCSE 2016 CRE PAPER 1
Traditional African Practices And Biblical Teaching on Law, Order and Justice, that Promote Law, Order, Justice
TRADITIONAL AFRICAN PRACTICES THAT PROMOTE LAW, ORDER, JUSTICE
Some of the practices that promote law, order and justice are-
a) Punishment of offenders
People who committed offences such as stealing, murder, witchcraft were punished through death, curses, paying heavy fines etc. this promoted law, order, justice
b) Installation of rules, kings, chiefs, elders
They were installed to maintain law, order and to execute justice in their areas of jurisdiction
c) Administration of oaths
-Administered by specialists and are used as a method of establishing and maintaining law and order
d) Making of covenants
-Covenants were made if there was a conflict between two communities. They would promise to live in peace and harmony
e) Observing of taboos and customary law
-Taboos were prohibitions. Those who went against taboos were severely punished
f) The kinship system
-defined how people related one to another
g) Rites of passage
-ensured customs, laws were adhered to
h) Religious practices
-such as praying, singing, sacrificing and giving of offerings had the effect of maintaining order
Biblical Teaching on Law, Order and Justice
How God initiated Law, order, and justice
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO HARMONY AND MUTUAL RESPONSIBILITY IN THE AFRICAN COMMUNITY
(i) Political ties.
(ii) Communal ownership of property.
(iii) Division of labour.
(iv) Communal worship.
CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN THE AFRICAN UNDERSTANDING OF VARIOUS ISSUES
Old age and the aged
Widows and orphans
Dowry or bride price
Factors that have undermined the status of elders in African Communities today
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