Relevance of Baptism to Christians Today
State lessons learnt from Jesus trial before pilate
A summary of accusations made against Jesus during His trial (Luke 22:66-23:1-23).
Ways in which Christians can respond to false accusations
THE MIGHTY WORKS OF JESUS
The miracles of Jesus can be divided into four groups.
THE RAISING OF THE SON OF THE WIDOW OF NAIN
Lessons learnt about Jesus from the raising of the son of the widow
THE PSALMIST PROPHECY
Lessons that Christians learn from the mighty works of Jesus
- Jesus gives life/ has power over death/ thus Christians should have hope of life after death.
- Christians should have faith; faith is necessary for healing.
- Christians should approach/ seek God with humility.
- Christians should be persistent in making requests.
- God answers requests/ Christians should turn to God for their needs.
- Christians should be patient/ avoid desperation.
- Christians should be compassionate to those suffering.
- Christians should believe in Jesus’ power through touching.
- Christians should emulate Jesus’ humility as they do God’s work e.g. Jesus imposed silence as He raised Jairus’ daughter.
- Jesus gives hope to those who are hopeless and thus Christians should not be desperate.
- Christians should carry out their mission to all regardless of race, gender or status.
- Jesus knows the needs of people personally, therefore Christians should ask for them.
- Christians should exercise courage when seeking solutions to their problems.
GIVE THE TEACHINGS OF JESUS ON THE ROLE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
- The Holy Spirit is a counselor /helper (To act as a counselor/comforter/guide the disciples).
- He comforts
- He would remind the disciples everything that Jesus had taught them.
- He would pronounce judgment on sinners.
- He would help the disciples to understand Jesus as the son of God
- He would give the disciples wisdom to discern and expose the secrets of sinful people.
- He teaches (To teach the disciples the truth of the Gospel)
- He guides
- He judges /convicts the world.
- He is a companion (He would be a companion of His disciples in all their missions).
- He strengthens (He would strengthen the faith of the disciples and give them courage to face persecution).
- He empowers (He would empower the disciples to become Jesus’ witness all over the world)
- He reminds /convinces people on righteousness.
- He glorifies Jesus Christ.
- He reveals the things of God/reveals thing to come/He would enable the disciples to predict future events.
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WITH REFERENCE TO LUKE 1:13-17, OUTLINE THE MESSAGE OF ANGEL GABRIEL ABOUT JOHN TO ZECHARIAH
Luke 1:13-17 Revised Standard Version (RSV)
14 And you will have joy and gladness,
and many will rejoice at his birth;
15 for he will be great before the Lord,
and he shall drink no wine nor strong drink,
and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit,
even from his mother’s womb.
16 And he will turn many of the sons of Israel to the Lord their God,
17 and he will go before him in the spirit and power of Eli′jah,
to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children,
and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just,
to make ready for the Lord a people prepared.”
- John the Baptist was to be a son.
- His name was to be John.
- He will be great before God.
- He would bring joy /gladness to his parents.
- He was to drink no wine /will be a Nazarite.
- He was to turn many of the son`s of Israel to God.
- He was to go before the lord in the spirit/power of Elijah.
- He was to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children.
- He was to make ready for the lord a people prepared.
- NARRATE JESUS’ BAPTISM BY JOHN THE BAPTIST IN THE RIVER JORDAN IN LUKE 3: 21 -22
- THE ROLE OF JOHN THE BAPTIST (ISAIAH 40:3-5; MALACHI 3:1; 4:5-6; LUKE 7:20-35.)
- OUTLINE THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE WORK OF JOHN THE BAPTIST AND THAT OF JESUS CHRIST
- STATE SEVEN SIMILARITIES IN THE ANNUNCIATION OF THE BIRTH OF JOHN THE BAPTIST AND JESUS CHRIST
- STATE THE TEACHING OF JOHN THE BAPTIST AS THE FORERUNNER OF JESUS CHRIST
- EXPLAIN FOUR ROLES OF JOHN THE BAPTIST AS A LINK BETWEEN THE OLD TESTAMENT AND NEW TESTAMENT
- CHALLENGES JOHN THE BAPTIST FACED DURING HIS MINISTRY
- GIVE SEVEN TEACHINGS OF JOHN THE BAPTIST AND ALSO ABOUT JESUS CHRIST - K.C.S.E C.R.E NOTES
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NARRATE THE PARABLE OF THE SOWER.(LUKE 8:4-15)
- When crowds from every town came to him, Jesus gave the parable of the sower.
- A sower went to the field to sow seeds.
- Some of the seeds fall on the footpath where they were stepped on and eaten by the birds of air.
- Some fell on a fertile soil, they grew and bore fruits.
- The seed is the word of God.
- The sower represents God or his messengers.
- The seeds that fell along the path are those people who heard the word then the devil comes and takes away the word from their hearts that they may not believe and be saved.
- The seeds that fell on rocks are those who when they hear the word of God, they receive it with joy but for a while, because when temptations comes they fall away.
- The seeds that fell on the thrones are those who hear the word but as they go their way they are carried away by the cares and riches and pleasures of life and their fruits do not mature.
- Those that fell on fertile are those who hear the word of God, hold it in their hearts and bring forth fruits.
- Some fell on the rocky ground they grew up a little but they dried up due to lack of moisture.
OUTLINE JESUS TEACHING ABOUT THE KINGDOM OF GOD
- It is God who establishes his Kingdom. He is like a sower.
- Jesus has brought /ushered in the Kingdom of God through his works and his very person.
- The kingdom of God is a present reality, as the sower God has sown the seed and it is growing.
- God searches lost individuals /restore them to the kingdom.
- The Kingdom of God starts in a small way/grows secretly to include all the nation of the worlds.
- The kingdom of God is for the righteous ones.
- There is rejoicing in the kingdom when one lost individuals is retrieved /brought back.
DESCRIBE THE INCIDENT WHEN JESUS WAS REJECTED AT NAZARETH LUKE 4:16-30
- Jesus came to Nazareth where he held been brought up.
- He went into the synagogue as he usually did on the Sabbath day.
- He was given the book of prophet Isaiah when he stood up to read.
- He opened the book/found the place that was written about him/read it to the people.
- After reading he closed the book gave it to the attendant /sat down.
- Everybody in the synagogue looked at him.
- He told them that the scripture he had read was fulfilled in their hearing.
- People wondered aloud saying ``is this not Joseph`s son?
- Jesus told them that they would ask him to do in his own country things he had done Capernaum/he told them that a prophet is not accepted in his own country.
- He told them that there were many windows in Israel during the time of Elijah but God sent the prophet to a widow in zarephath/God only healed Naaman the Syrian.
- They were filled with anger /wanted to throw him headlong down the crift.
- Jesus passed through their midst and went away.
Reasons why Jesus was rejected at Nazareth, His hometown (Luke 4:16-30)
- They thought he was simply the son of Joseph the carpenter whom they knew.
- Jesus told them that the prophecy of Isaiah had been fulfilled in him and that he is the Messiah (61:1-2)
- They wanted him to prove his Lordship by performing miracles which He did not.
- He told them that their forefathers had rejected God’s prophets by persecuting them
- He told them how God favours even the Gentiles and not Jews alone, He would even work miracles for the Gentile and leave them alone.
- He told them that a prophet is not welcomed in his home town
- In both cases, it promotes one into full membership of the community.
- In both cases, it is a mark of identification of a person to a particular community.
- In both, it is carried out on male children.
- In both cases, circumcision has a religious significance.
- In both cases, special people/ religious leaders/heads of the community carry out the operations.
- In both cases, it unites the members with the ancestors.
- In both cases, members receive new names.
- In both cases, the rite is carried on from generation to generation/ is compulsory/ whoever fails to observe it is considered an outcast.
- In both cases, the ritual is a communal affair.
- In both cases, it involves the cutting of the foreskin.
- In some African communities, they circumcised both boys and girls while the Jewish community circumcised boys only.
- The African communities circumcised mainly teenagers while the Jews circumcised infants at 8 days.
- Jewish circumcision is a religious requirement while the African circumcision is a cultural requirement/ rite of passage.
- In the African communities the initiate would later be entrusted with new roles/responsibilities e.g. marriage, inheritance of property etc which was not the case for the Jewish community.
- Among the Jews it was commanded by God while in African communities it originated from ancestors.
What are the differences between the Jewish and Traditional African practices of circumcision? - KCSE 2016 CRE PAPER 1
- In the Jewish community circumcision is for the male children only whereas in African practices, it is for both male and female.
- Among the Jews, circumcision is performed on babies of 8 days old: whereas in traditional African communities, it is done during adolescence stage.
- In African communities, it is a test of courage, whereas in Jewish community, it is a sign of covenant with God/sign of faith,
- Circumcision in African communities is a communal practice whereas among the Jews, only members of the immediate family participate.
- In Traditional African communities, initiates takes up responsibilities while among the Jews, the initiates are too young to shoulder any responsibility.
- In traditional African communities circumcision is carried out during specific seasons while among the Jews, it is continuous.
The word literally means to cut around or to cut the foreskin.
As a sign of the covenant, God instructed circumcision for Abraham and his descendants.
Elements of Jewish circumcision
- Every male among Abraham’s descendants had to be circumcised.
- They would be circumcised by the flesh of their foreskins.
- Circumcision would take place when a male was 8 days old.
- Circumcision was also required of all male servants of Abraham.
- The practice would be a mark/symbol of an everlasting covenant between God and Abraham’s community.
- Any man who was not circumcised would be cut off from Abraham’s descendants because he had broken the covenant.
Christian Approaches To Human Sexuality Marriage
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DEATH AND RESURRECTION
Faith And God’s Promises: Abraham
Gifts Of The Holy Spirit
GOD’S PLAN OF SALVATION OF MANKIND
How Christians Show Respect To God
John The Baptist
LEADERSHIP IN ISRAEL: DAVID AND SOLOMON
LOYALTY TO GOD: ELIJAH
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Marriage And Family
MEANING OF CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS EDUCATION
Nature Of God
Old Testament Prophesies About The Messiah
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QUALITIES OF A GOOD LEADER DRAWN FROM DAVID’S LEADERSHIP
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Reasons As To Why Man Is Considered The Most Special Creation Of God
Reasons Why Moses Was Reluctant To Accept God’s Call
Relationship Between Human Beings And The Environment From The Creation Stories
Responsibilities Given To Human Beings At Creation
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RESPONSIBILITY OF THE LIVING TOWARDS GOD
RITES OF PASSAGE
Selected Aspects In African Religious Heritage: African Concept Of God
Selected Old Testament Prophets And Their Teachings
Similarities Between The Traditional African Myths And The Biblical Accounts Of Creation
SINAI COVENANT: MOSES
Spirits And Ancestors
Steps In The Formation/ Sealing Of The Covenant
Summary Of The Ways In Which God Took Care Of The Israelites During The Exodus
Summary Of The Ways Israelites Worshipped God In The Wilderness
Teachings From The Biblical Creation Accounts
Technology And Environment
The Call Of Abraham (Gen. 12:1-9)
The Galilean Ministry
THE IMPORTANCE OF THE TEMPLE IN ISRAEL
The Infancy And Early Life Of Jesus
THE JERUSALEM MINISTRY
The Journey To Jerusalem
THE KINGDOM OF GOD
THE UNITY OF BELIEVERS
Wealth And Poverty