The Eastern Bantu
The Eastern Bantu are divided into
They include the
The Mijikenda and Pokomo proceeded northwards to the coast up to Shungwaya (another dispersal point).
The main reason for the Shungwaya dispersal was the Oromo attack In AD 1600.
They moved from Shungwaya following river Tana interacting with the Cushites like the Oromo and Somali.
The name means Nine Clans comprising of the Kauma, Giriama, Duruma, Chonyi, Jibana, Kambe, Ribe, Rabai and Digo.
From the Shungwaya dispersal point,(forced out by the Oromo/Somali southwards expansionist attacks), they settled in fortified villages mainly due to security concerns. Each of the nine groups settled in their own separate ridge referred to as Kaya fortified with thorny trees.
By the 19th, the Mijikenda were established as middlemen during the long distance trade between the Akamba and the coastal Waswahili.
The highland Bantu
Examples of highland Bantus include Agikuyu, Ameru, Aembu, Ambeere and the AkambaThey are also products of the Shungwaya dispersion.
Describe the relationship between Athi and the Agikuyu.
The original homeland of the Ameru is claimed to Mbwa, located somewhere at the coast on Manda island.
Effects of the Bantu Migration
The results of the Bantu migration were both positive and negative.