Types of counselling and categories of counselling have been interchangeably used to mean the other by scholars, this is a cause of confusion until I read this report from two Nigerian scholars who made a clear distinction between the two. But still, there are counsellors who use categories of counselling to mean types of counselling vis a vis.
Types of Counselling
According to Olugbenga David Ojo,(PhD) and Dr. Ogidan Rotimi (2014) of the National Open University of Nigeria, there are two types of counselling namely: Individual counselling and Group counselling.
This is referred to as one-to-one counselling. It occurs between the professionally trained Counsellor (Therapist) and his client (Counsellee). The goal of this is to help the client to understand himself, clarify and direct his thought, in order to make a worthwhile decision. Through this, clients’ problems are alleviated. Frumboltz and Thoreson (1967) as cited in Ojo (2005) remarked that it is mainly to bring about change in the client either by altering maladaptive behaviour, learning the decision making process or preventing problems.
This is a counselling session that takes place between the professionally trained counsellor and a group of people. Number of this group should not be more than seven, or at least ten, in order to have a cohesive group and an effective well controlled counselling session. Members of the groups are clients/counselees whose tasks or problems that are meant for resolution are similar.
Categories of Counselling
Counselling can be classified into different spheres of life in which human beings could encounter problems. Common counselling categories include:-
There should be a clear disinction between categories of counselling and types of counselling to avoid confusing scholars and learners. As stated by Olugbenga David Ojo,(PhD) and Dr. Ogidan Rotimi (2014) in their report, the distinction between the two looks to be in order thus there are only two types of counselling with numerous categories of counselling. Our questions could have therefore been rephrased to look like
Different scholars have different definitions about the meaning of theory but they tend to agree on one common front. Here are examples:-
A counselle is a subject in counselling sessions and this is a person who is being counselled by the counsellor
Counselling can be termed as the purposeful understanding of a person so as to provide self-understanding in that person. This translates to listening to people about their problems and offering suggestions that can offer solutions. The main aim of counselling is to make life more interesting.
Counselling may be more concerned with coping 'with crises', working through feelings and inner conflicts or improving relationships with others.
BAC-British Association of Counselling defines corruption as: "Counselling is the skilled and principled use of relationship to facilitate self- knowledge, emotional acceptance and growth and the optimal development of personal resources" -BAC (1986)
Counselling can also be described as the process in which the therapist guides the client towards personal growth and positive change through self understanding.
This is a person whose role is to enhance the work values, personal resources and capacity for self determination of the person being counselled [counselle].
Explain in details the system of education in Japan clearly in terms of structure, curriculum and organization
The basic school system in Japan is composed of the following levels
Outline features of Japan education that Kenya can borrow