Explain six achievement of the organization of African Unity (OAU) since its formation.
It contributed to the Liberation of African states from European Colonial Rule
It has provided cultural interaction e.g games among members of state
It has promoted economic co-operation among member states e.g encouraged regional economic groups such COMESA and ECOWAS, SADC, PTA
It has promoted always and road transport links in Africa.
It has provided members states with a forum to discuss issues of common interest
It has provided funds for activities in African development Bank (ADB)
It has promoted friendly ties among members states, through annual meeting of Heads of States and Governments.
It has enabled African states with one voice at international for a.
It has provided material support for refugees in Africa.
It has condemned violation of human rights in Africa.
It has solved boarder disputes e.g. between Morocco and Algeria.
Describe the functions of the council of ministers of the organization of African Unity.
It discusses urgent and important matters
It prepares the agenda of the meeting of Heads of States and governments.
It implements decisions, which are passed by Heads of States and Governments
It prepares a budget of the OAU for approval by Heads of States and Governments.
Discuss the results of the First World War (1914 – 1918)
Many people were killed during the war
Property of great value was destroyed during the course of the war
Economic activities were disrupted/Economic depression
Large sums of money was used in the war effort weakened European Economics.
The League of Nations was formed to promote peace over by the League of Nations.
German’s overseas colonies and investments were taken over by the League of Nations
The size of Germany was reduced by 1/8 Alsace, Loraine, Danzing, Sarar and her population by 6.5 million.
Many people were displaced leading to refugee problems
The political boundary of the Turkish Empire was reduced/ t lost Egypt, Syria and Palestine.
New Nations were created e.g Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia.
The USA emerged as a leading world power
It led to the development of advanced military equipment
It led to the rise of nationalistic feelings among Africans who fought the war
It boosted advancement of surgery
Soldiers contracted and spread diseases
Germany and her allies were forced to pay for damages 6.5 b/136T Dutshemark
Led to mass starvation
What were the causes of the first World War ( 1914 – 1918)
Describe the political organization of Buganda during the pre- colonial period.
What were the economic activities of the Buganda during the pre- colonial period?
They were traders
They grew crops e.g. millet, bananas
They are iron monger/workers/blacksmiths
They practiced weaving
They practiced pottery
They kept livestock
They manufactured bark cloth
They were fishermen
They made boats/canoes
Explain six effects of the trans-Saharan trade on the people of Western Sudan.
What was the role of the Tuaregs in the trans- Saharan trade?
Discuss the immediate results of the partition of African by Europeans.
Boundaries demarcating spheres of influence were drawn.
The European powers took control of areas where their trader/companies and missionaries had operate/ stated development, spherical of influence.
African communities sometimes found themselves split aprt by arbitary boundaries.
It led to the establishment of colonial rule/Africans lost their independence.
Some African resettled/against Europeans in entrenching their rule/collaboration.
Some African leader gained power and fame/were make paramount chiefs
What were the terms of the Berlin Conference for 1884- 1885?
Any power that had a claim over an area should occupy it effectively/development
All the participants were to end slavery and slave trade in their areas of occupation
Any power laid claim on an area in African had no notified the other so as to avoid conflict.
The European powers were to ensure that security of all Europeans within their areas of occupation was guaranteed.
The Niger, Congo and Zambezi rivers and their tributaries were declared free for navigation & commerce.
Congo was declared a Free State under King Leopold II of Belgium.
Conflicts over boundaries were to be settled through negotiation
Discuss the importance of the religious among the Maya.
Describe five religious practices of the Maya.
They worshiped many Gods/deities/polytheists
They built shrines/temples for worship
They made sacrifices/offerings to their gods.
They buried their dead with items for use in the next life
They decorated their temple with images of lesser gods.
They sung and danced during worship
Explain the causes of food shortages in the third world counties
What made the early man to domesticate crops and animals?
The need to supplement hunting and gathering which was tedious/need to lead a settled life.
The realization that some animals were social e.g. cat
The discovery that some crops took a short time to mature/presence of indigenous crops.
The diminishing/migration in number of wild animals made man to seek an alternative.
Climatic changes/natural which caused occasional calamities/poor fruits and root yields.
The development of improved tools which enabled effective cultivation of crops.
Population increase led to demand for food
For Security e.g. dog
State two reasons for the establishment of the United Nations Organization (UNO).
To maintain peace and security in the world/prevent the occurrence of another war.
To develop friends relations among nations
To promote economic and social development