Discuss the factors that led to the Agrarian Revolution in North American
The introduction of the enclosure system in Britain forced landless to migrate to North America where they introduced new farming methods.
Availability of land for the farming of different crop varieties such as tobacco, cotton and wheat/reclamation of waste land of irrigation.
Suitability of land for different crop variety
Government recognition of individual land ownership (the Homestead Act 1860) encouraged settlers to farm
The granting of financial aid to farmers to buy and develop land /credit facilities.
The introduction of slave labour ensured adequate supply of labour for farming
Determination by the European immigrants to succeed in agriculture as there was no other sources of livelihood.
The increase in demand for agricultural raw materials by European industrialists encouraged expansion in agriculture/availability of foreign market.
The invention of the cotton gin in 1993 by Eli Whiney led to increased cotton acreage.
The mechanization of agriculture stimulated productivity e.g the steel plough and the mechanical reaper.
The development of food preservation methods of canning and refrigeration encouraged farmers to produce more.
The application of science and research to agricultural (e.g biotechnology development of new foods from existing crops, use of fertilizers and genetic engineering in livestock production) facilitated the Agrarian Revolution.
Increase in population created demand for food which led to expansion of agriculture
Discovery of controlling of animal diseases led to increase production.
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