Explain five constitutional changes which took place in Kenya between 1954 and 1963.
The Lyttleton constitution of 1954 led to the appointment of the first Africa minister and nomination of other Africa leaders to the Legislative Council.
In 1957 the first all races elections were held and Africans were elected in 8 constituencies.
The Lennox Boyd constitution gave more seats to Africans – from 8 to 14 members. For the first item more Africans were elected to the legislative council.
The first Lancaster House Conference of 1960 gave Africans more seats in the Legco. Thus African representation moved from 14 to 33 members.
In 1960 the state of emergency was lifted and Africans were allowed to form country wide political parties, National political parties – KANU and KADU were formed.
The second Lancaster House Conference drew up the independence constitution Kenya was to become Majimbo / a federal state.
In 1961 the first general elections were held and KANU won but refused to form the government until the release of Kenyatta. KADU formed the government with Ngala as leader of government business.
On June 1st, 1963 Kenya got internal self – government with Kenyatta as the first prime minister.
On December 12th, 1963 Kenya attained full independence.