MARRIAGE - KCSE CRE NOTES
a. Definition of marriage
Purpose of marriage
the Purpose of marriage is sexual fulfillment; cultural and social requirement; obligation to build a family; and procreation although children are a gift from God.
Forms of marriages
Secular approaches to marriage
Factors that lead to a stable, healthy and successful marriage
People are different and they understand their roles differently.
Here am giving you a few suggestions. Discuss with your study companions and come up with other suggestions.
b. Christian Teaching about Marriage
c. Courtship in African Traditional society (A.T.S)
Importance of dowry
Legal reasons for divorce
According to the laws of Kenya, divorce is allowed under the following reasons;
Christian teaching about divorce
Effects of divorce are ;
e. Celibacy as an alternative to marriage
Celibacy is a Latin word “Coelebes” meaning bachelor.
Why do some people fail to marry?
Review questions on topic
related >> Give seven reasons why pregnancy before marriage is rare in traditional African communities
CHRISTIAN TEACHING ABOUT HUMAN SEXUALITY - C.R.E KCSE NOTES
a. Christian teaching on responsible human sexuality.
b. Christian teaching on irresponsible sexual behaviour.
There are many irresponsible sexual behaviours. They include among others all acts and forms of: perversion, misuse, and abuse of sex, incest, rape, fornication, adultery, homosexuality, lesbianism or gay, prostitution, concubine, masturbation, bestiality and child marriages among others. These irresponsible sexual behaviours are against God’s will for humanity. Christians are to shun irresponsible sexual behaviour. This is because their bodies are the temples of the Holy Spirit. Thus whatever Christians do with their bodies, it should be for the glory of God. Let us now discuss in brief some of the irresponsible sexual behaviour
Why do the youth engage in premarital sex?
There are several reasons. Some of them are: sexual curiosity, proving manhood, human weakness, lack of self control, testing fertility, fear of being jilted / rejected; commercial sex for money; copying acts in the print and electronic media. Others reasons are frustrations, drug abuse, bribe to get a job, and permissiveness in the society.
vii. Sexually transmitted Diseases (STDs)
HIV / AIDS
The effects of irresponsible sexual behaviour
There are many effects of irresponsible sexual behaviour. They include among others HIV / AIDS, sexually transmitted infections (STI), abortion; family separations and divorces, deaths, unplanned pregnancies; children living in the streets; school drop outs and psychological problems.
i. Effects of incest.
ii. Effects of Rape
iii. Effects of Fornication
Some of these are having children out of wedlock; feelings of distrust, guilt, and hurt; contracting STI’s and HIV/AIDS; loss of self-respect; early and forced marriage and abortion.
Iv. Effects of Adultery
Christians teach against adultery because it is against God’s commandments and can lead to divorce, abortion, STI, HIV/AIDS, domestic violence, murder (death) and psychological problems.
v. Effects of Prostitution
It can lead to breakup of marriage, and family. It lowers a person’s dignity and can lead to unplanned pregnancies, school dropouts; infections such as STDs and HIV/AIDS and improper use of family resources.
vi. Effects of homosexuality
vii. Effects of Sexually transmitted diseases HIV / AIDS
They include recurrent illness due to opportunistic infections. There is also stigmatization. Some individuals have feelings of guilt, anger, denial and depression.
Effects of Syphilis
viii. Other consequences of irresponsible sexual behaviours
d. Irresponsible social and human behaviour
Why do mothers seek abortion?
There are many reasons, which are known only to mothers. These are:
e. Effects of irresponsible social and human behaviour.
Effects of abortion are infertility, ectopic pregnancy, destruction of a woman’s body parts; fetal malformation, risk of the mother bleeding to death and destruction of uterus. Other effects are that the mother may experience in future stillbirths, miscarriages, risk of barrenness; failed abortions leading to deformed babies and psychological problems that we have discussed. These are stress and depression.
STATE SIX SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE TRADITIONAL AFRICAN AND CHRISTIAN VIEW ON HUMAN SEXUALITY
STATE HOW THE CHURCH IS HELPING TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM FAMILY CONFLICTS IN KENYA TODAY
State how the church is helping to solve the problem family conflicts in Kenya today. (7mrks)
IDENTIFY THE CHRISTIAN TEACHING ON MARRIAGE
Identify the Christian teaching on marriage. (7mrks)
What is a family?
a. Types of families
i. Nuclear Family
Nuclear family is parents and their children, it is father, mother, and children. There is an increase of monogamous families or nuclear because of urbanization as rural youth come to towns in search of white-collar jobs. Migration to cities by people of different tribes has led to pluralism. Education, high cost of living have led to the death of the African culture, which required men and women to marry many partners to produce many children to defend their tribe.
Advantages of nuclear families are many.
One, the man is able to give undivided attention to one wife and children. Two, there is sharing of mutual love, and peace in the home. Three it is economical to manage one family. Four there is little competition for attention, less strife, quarrels and stress. Five, it is easier to monitor the behaviour of a few children.
ii. Polygamous family
Polygamous family consist of Father, mothers, children. These type of family have disadvantages in modern Kenya. Modern society is a cash economy. Thus if a man has many wives and children, they may lack basic necessities like food, shelter, education and clothes.
iii. Single parent family
Single parent family has one parent, and children. Single — parent families are created by several circumstances. One is by parents separating. Separation of parents is due to several reasons. These are for example,
iv. Extended family
Extended family — father, mother, children, uncles, aunts, and cousins. This is the common family type in traditional African communities.
v. Children led family
Children led family. This happens when parents die and the 1st born takes care of brothers and sisters including cousins.
vi. Grandparent headed family
Grandparent headed family. The HIV/AIDs epidemic has introduced this type of family where grandparents take care of their grandchildren due to the death of both parents especially the mother due to HIV / AIDS disease. This scourge has made many children orphans. In other cases parents go for further studies abroad and leave their children with their parents.
b. Traditional African family values and practices
The African family had well-stated and practiced values There were
Children were taken through a rigorous physical curriculum of games such as wrestling, swimming and running to develop their physical strength, Children’s bodies were nourished thoroughly. They were served good and nutritious food, which improved their muscle strength.
Children were taught social skills. They learnt how to behave towards adults, peers and grandparents. They developed social skills since parents allowed them to socialize and interact with other children, grandparents and the community. This made them grow socially, emotionally and psychologically. They had a curriculum for teaching and training in traditional African religious values, family matters, moral and social values.
This teaching of children started from an early age. The teaching method used was observation and practice. Parents taught by being good role models. They were expected to model desired values and family practices. Children were taught how to relate with one another as brothers and sisters. Parents were to show tolerance to children.
These values show that African parents understood their parental roles and responsibilities. These values were sometimes; exploited by the irresponsible family members or specific individuals. This exploitation encouraged dependency, leading to conflicts, competition, hatred, and jealousy.
Christian parents are expected to train their children to know God, be self -disciplined, and follow the Christian way of living. Another duty is to provide basic needs to their children.
Christian understanding of the family
Problems related to family life today
Families are faced with numerous problems such as:-
Traditional African approaches to problems related to family life today
Christian’s approaches to problems related to family life today
Christian approaches refer to how Christians view and handle issues of human sexuality, marriage and the family in accordance with Christians ethics. Through marriage, the family is formed.
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