CHRISTIAN APPROACHES TO WORK
Use of energy, physical or mental, for the purpose of improving human life. It is any activity that requires expenditure of energy or application of skills e.g. studying, teaching, cooking, farming etc.
Work can be described as a vocation, profession, trade, craft, career or a job. Vocation is from a Latin word “Vocare” which means call’ Christians believe that every individual has been called of God to various duties. Vocation is work that requires special skills, special training or a unique call or a special mission in society.
Work that is characterized by a code of ethics, lengthy specialized training, advance knowledge and self — disciple. Professionals have their own set standards. The professionals determine entry requirements for new members and usually have machinery for dealing with errant members. E.g. Law, medicine, architecture etc.
Refers to an occupation, a way of making a living. Some trades require specialized training examples hairdressing A craft An occupation which requires manipulative skills or use of the hands e.g. woodcarving, pottery, weaving. A craft may be a trade depending on the nature of occupation.
An occupation that one chooses to pursue in his/her life. It’s the general way of earning a living
Refers to tasks performed, services rendered in return for payment of wages. Most jobs are temporary others casual and others permanent and pensionable
What determines one’s career, vocation?
General reasons why people work
When people are capable and willing to work but are unable to find a viable income or occupation it is referred to as unemployment.
Response of Christians to issues of unemployment
Self-employment is an economic activity initiated, controlled by an individual. It is an occupation in which a person initiates a personal enterprise and manages it with the help of others.
Examples Small businesses enterprises
Problems / challenges
What is child labour?
It is engaging a person below the age of 14 years in wage/paid employment.
Reasons why children are employed
Disadvantages of child labour
Children are not yet mentally and physically prepared to do adult jobs. This leads to
Places where children are employed
Causes of child labour and reasons why children work
Position of church in dealing with child labour
What is a Virtue?
A virtue is a good human habit. It’s a moral principle, moral quality or goodness of character and behaviour.
Examples of virtues related to work
Moral Duties and Responsibilities of Employers and Employees
Who is an employer?
An employer is an organization or a person who employs people
Examples of Employers
Government, non — governmental organization, private sector — individuals, company, self employment.
Employers have several duties and responsibilities towards their employees. They are: -
Employers have a right to / are entitled to
Rights of the employer
Moral duties of the employees
Rights of the employees
TRADITIONAL AFRICAN ATTITUDE TOWARDS WORK