MARRIAGE - KCSE CRE NOTES
a. Definition of marriage
Purpose of marriage
the Purpose of marriage is sexual fulfillment; cultural and social requirement; obligation to build a family; and procreation although children are a gift from God.
Forms of marriages
Secular approaches to marriage
Factors that lead to a stable, healthy and successful marriage
People are different and they understand their roles differently.
Here am giving you a few suggestions. Discuss with your study companions and come up with other suggestions.
b. Christian Teaching about Marriage
c. Courtship in African Traditional society (A.T.S)
Importance of dowry
Legal reasons for divorce
According to the laws of Kenya, divorce is allowed under the following reasons;
Christian teaching about divorce
Effects of divorce are ;
e. Celibacy as an alternative to marriage
Celibacy is a Latin word “Coelebes” meaning bachelor.
Why do some people fail to marry?
Review questions on topic
related >> Give seven reasons why pregnancy before marriage is rare in traditional African communities
IMPACTS OF THE INTRODUCTION OF MONEY ECONOMY IN TRADITIONAL AFRICAN SOCIETY
Careful management of resources, finances, income and expenditure of a family, a business enterprise, community or a country. The economy of a country is to be well managed if it has the ability to meet the social economic needs of her members.
Development - it’s measured by the healthy of its economy in the provision of health, education, housing, sanitation, employment longevity of life, decrease of maternal and child mortality.
Use of money as a means of exchange in economic activities e.g. banking, investment, insurance, payment of goods and services.
Reasons for money introduction
Impact of the introduction of money economy in traditional African society
Explain the negative effects of the introduction of money economy in traditional African communities. (7 marks)
RELATED >> Outline eight negative effects of the introduction of money economy on the Africans in Kenya
TRADITIONAL AFRICAN UNDERSTANDING OF WEALTH AND POVERTY
In African traditional societies wealth was measured in terms of the amount of land, livestock, grains, wives, children possessed by an individual or the community.
Wealth was acquired in various ways:-
Poverty was viewed as punishment or curse for wrongdoing. Other causes of poverty according to African Traditional Society were: -
List seven ways in which wealth is acquired in traditional African communities. (7 marks)
CHRISTIAN TEACHING ABOUT HUMAN SEXUALITY - C.R.E KCSE NOTES
a. Christian teaching on responsible human sexuality.
b. Christian teaching on irresponsible sexual behaviour.
There are many irresponsible sexual behaviours. They include among others all acts and forms of: perversion, misuse, and abuse of sex, incest, rape, fornication, adultery, homosexuality, lesbianism or gay, prostitution, concubine, masturbation, bestiality and child marriages among others. These irresponsible sexual behaviours are against God’s will for humanity. Christians are to shun irresponsible sexual behaviour. This is because their bodies are the temples of the Holy Spirit. Thus whatever Christians do with their bodies, it should be for the glory of God. Let us now discuss in brief some of the irresponsible sexual behaviour
Why do the youth engage in premarital sex?
There are several reasons. Some of them are: sexual curiosity, proving manhood, human weakness, lack of self control, testing fertility, fear of being jilted / rejected; commercial sex for money; copying acts in the print and electronic media. Others reasons are frustrations, drug abuse, bribe to get a job, and permissiveness in the society.
vii. Sexually transmitted Diseases (STDs)
HIV / AIDS
The effects of irresponsible sexual behaviour
There are many effects of irresponsible sexual behaviour. They include among others HIV / AIDS, sexually transmitted infections (STI), abortion; family separations and divorces, deaths, unplanned pregnancies; children living in the streets; school drop outs and psychological problems.
i. Effects of incest.
ii. Effects of Rape
iii. Effects of Fornication
Some of these are having children out of wedlock; feelings of distrust, guilt, and hurt; contracting STI’s and HIV/AIDS; loss of self-respect; early and forced marriage and abortion.
Iv. Effects of Adultery
Christians teach against adultery because it is against God’s commandments and can lead to divorce, abortion, STI, HIV/AIDS, domestic violence, murder (death) and psychological problems.
v. Effects of Prostitution
It can lead to breakup of marriage, and family. It lowers a person’s dignity and can lead to unplanned pregnancies, school dropouts; infections such as STDs and HIV/AIDS and improper use of family resources.
vi. Effects of homosexuality
vii. Effects of Sexually transmitted diseases HIV / AIDS
They include recurrent illness due to opportunistic infections. There is also stigmatization. Some individuals have feelings of guilt, anger, denial and depression.
Effects of Syphilis
viii. Other consequences of irresponsible sexual behaviours
d. Irresponsible social and human behaviour
Why do mothers seek abortion?
There are many reasons, which are known only to mothers. These are:
e. Effects of irresponsible social and human behaviour.
Effects of abortion are infertility, ectopic pregnancy, destruction of a woman’s body parts; fetal malformation, risk of the mother bleeding to death and destruction of uterus. Other effects are that the mother may experience in future stillbirths, miscarriages, risk of barrenness; failed abortions leading to deformed babies and psychological problems that we have discussed. These are stress and depression.
CHRISTIAN APPROACHES TO WORK
Use of energy, physical or mental, for the purpose of improving human life. It is any activity that requires expenditure of energy or application of skills e.g. studying, teaching, cooking, farming etc.
Work can be described as a vocation, profession, trade, craft, career or a job. Vocation is from a Latin word “Vocare” which means call’ Christians believe that every individual has been called of God to various duties. Vocation is work that requires special skills, special training or a unique call or a special mission in society.
Work that is characterized by a code of ethics, lengthy specialized training, advance knowledge and self — disciple. Professionals have their own set standards. The professionals determine entry requirements for new members and usually have machinery for dealing with errant members. E.g. Law, medicine, architecture etc.
Refers to an occupation, a way of making a living. Some trades require specialized training examples hairdressing A craft An occupation which requires manipulative skills or use of the hands e.g. woodcarving, pottery, weaving. A craft may be a trade depending on the nature of occupation.
An occupation that one chooses to pursue in his/her life. It’s the general way of earning a living
Refers to tasks performed, services rendered in return for payment of wages. Most jobs are temporary others casual and others permanent and pensionable
What determines one’s career, vocation?
General reasons why people work
STATE SIX SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE TRADITIONAL AFRICAN AND CHRISTIAN VIEW ON HUMAN SEXUALITY
EXPLAIN HOW CORRUPTION LEADS TO SOCIAL DISORDER IN THE SOCIETY
Explain how corruption leads to social disorder in the society. (6mrks)
STATE HOW THE CHURCH IS HELPING TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM FAMILY CONFLICTS IN KENYA TODAY
State how the church is helping to solve the problem family conflicts in Kenya today. (7mrks)
IDENTIFY THE CHRISTIAN TEACHING ON MARRIAGE
Identify the Christian teaching on marriage. (7mrks)
Approaches to Law, Order and Justice
Types of laws
Types of statutory laws
C. Justice — treating others the way they deserve in relation to the law. Its administration of rightful dealings in a fair manner according to their actions. A just society follows rules and administers legal action to those who offend others or disobey rules. Justice means treating people the same way without discrimination.
Importance of Law, Order and Justice
Rights and duties of Citizens
Who is a Citizen? -- person who is a member of a state, kingdom, empire. A person who has full rights as a member of a country by birth, descent, registration, naturalization. What are Rights? -- legal claims that one is entitled to from the government
What is a Duty? -- ones responsibility to the government
Examples of Rights
Examples of Children's rights
Duties of citizens (responsibilities)
Questions you will most likely meet in an examinations
1. State reasons why it is important for Christians to promote law, order and justice in society today.
2. State seven practices that promote law, order and Justice in traditional African society
3. State ways in which the church is helping to reduce crime in Kenya
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