What things do archaeologists use to construct the activities of people who lived in pre-history times?
We must first find out what happened in those elections before we conclude why they were important in the history of Kenya.
The meaning of “History”
History is the study of man's past chronological account and record of events in reaction to the environment.
Contacts Between East Africa and the Outside World Up to the 19th Century (5 mks)
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Give five reasons for studying history.
Explain three limitations of using the following:
Discuss the benefits of the discovery of fire to early man
Reasons why the Portuguese built Fort Jesus at Mombasa.
- It protected the Portuguese from enemy attacks
- It was a military base from where expeditions were sent against hostile coastal states.
- It was used as a watch tower to see enemies as they approached from the Indian Ocean.
- The Portuguese kept their weapons there.
- It was where criminals were imprisoned.
- It was their military barracks.
- It helped to discourage the Turks from creating a base in East Africa.
Effects of slave trade on the African community in Kenya
- African population was reduced; people who would have been great leaders and empire builders were killed. It is estimated that over 15 to 30 million people were sold in to slavery while other millions died in the process being transported.
- Slave trade brought misery, suffering and lowered the quality of people in East Africa this is because they were reduced to ‘commodities’ which could be bought and sold on land.
- Villages and families were destroyed and broken up by slave raiders and never to be reunited this later resulted in to loss of identity.
- Diseases broke out among the overcrowded slaves for example the Spaniards introduced Syphilis and soon it spread to other traders.
- Slave trade led to displacement of people and many became homeless and destitute many and stayed in Europe with no identity.
- Economic activities such as farming were disrupted. This is because the young and able craftsmen, traders and farmers were carried off, causing economic stagnation as the economic workforce depleted.
- Progress slowed down, which resulted in famine, poverty and destitution and helplessness.
- There was a decline in production of traditional goods such as coffee, beans, bark cloth and iron which greatly hindered the cash economy.
- There was a decline in African industries which also faced a lot of competition from imported manufactured goods for example the Bark cloth and iron working industries.
- Guns were introduced into the interior which caused a lot of insecurity and increased incidences of wars for territorial expansion.
- Clans and tribal units, languages were broken and inter-tribal peace was disturbed for example Swahili language replaced the traditional languages in the interior.
Definition of barter trade.
Identify one limitation of using barter as a method of trade
- Some commodities are bulky/ heavy and are difficultly to transport
- It may not be easy to establish the exchange rate of commodities
- Perishable goods are likely to go to waste if negotiations are not done in time
- It requires double coincidence of demands
- Indivisibility of some commodities
List two forms of communication used to send messages to distant places in the shortest possible time.
Forms of communication used to send messages to distant places in the shortest possible time
- Internet messaging such as Whatsapp, Facebook etc.
- Courier letter
Use of bronze in Ancient Benin
- Making royal regalia
- Making status of rulers, noble men and warriors
- Making ornaments/decorations
- Making religious Figurines e.g. gods
- Making weapons
Factors which led to the early urbanization in Africa
- Education centers e.g. Alexandria
- Availability of water
Economic activities of early man during the stone Age period
- Hunting wild animals
- Gathering wild fruits, roots and vegetables
- Crop farming
- Making stone implements
Coming Of Missionaries In Africa
Constitutions And Constitution Making
DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRY
Development Of Transport And Communication
Economic And Political Developments And Challenges In Kenya Since Independence
Economic And Political Organization Of African Societies In The 19th Century
Establishment Of Colonial Rule In Kenya
European Invasion Of Africa
European Invasion Of Africa And The Process Of Colonization
EUROPEAN INVASION OF AFRICA AND THE PROCESS OF COLONIZATION
FORM 1 LEVEL
Government Revenue And Expenditure In Kenya
Introduction To History And Government
INTRODUCTION TO HISTORY & GOVERNMENT
MIND BLOWING QUESTIONS
Political Developments And Smuggle For Independence In Kenya (1919-1963)
Rise Of African Nationalism
Structure And Functions Of The Government Of Kenya
The People Of Kenya
The People Of Kenya Up To The 19th Century