1. Writing (20 mks)
Write a letter to your aunt asking her to visit you at school during the upcoming visiting day. Request her to bring you your story book. Describe the other things that you need and remember to inform her on the day, date and arrival time.
format 5 mks
Address – School name
City town – 1 mk
Date 1mk (must skip a line if not deny mark
Salutations i.e Dear aunt 1mks
Your niece/nephew 1 mk
Name 1 mk
Content (c) 10 mks
Introduction– Greetings and catching up 2mks
Requesting for attendance 1 mk
Mention of the title of the story book 1mk
Description of other things 2 mks
Mention of the day, date and time 3 mks
Conclusion 1 mk (passing on greetings)
Language – 4mks
Tone (Must be informal)- 1mk
Address must have school name
Complementary clause should be informal- only one name
2. Comprehension (20mks)
Read the passage below and then answer the questions that follow.
What is good governance? This is a question that people discuss very often. It refers to responsible management of the affairs of a village, town or country. Where there is good governance people live in harmony, ways of alleviating poverty are sought, inequalities and injustices are addressed and people assume ownership of the process of developing their communities. Good governance creates an environment in which individuals can pursue their dreams and contribute to the welfare of the community.
Although the government is expected to create a condusive political and legal environment for development, it cannot succeed if ordinary citizens do not co-operate and play their role. Everyone craves for the maintenance of the rule of law but if we do not obey the law, we will not know peace. We grumble about insecurity but give refuge to criminals. We accuse certain sectors of corruption but give bribes in order to induce others to give us preferential treatment. Our lives are riddled with contradictions. If we really desire to have positive changes in our society, we must change our attitudes, join hands and work towards building a society we can all be proud of.
But if we just sit and whine, we will continue to wallow in our valley of poverty and hopelessness.What can a person do? A lot. If every one of us would be committed to working hard, paying our taxes, co-operating with law enforcement officers, rejecting mediocre standards and helping others, Kenya could become the haven we all dream about. For too long, many of us have shunned our responsibilities. We think it is someone else’s duty to build Kenya. We have withheld our taxes and colluded with those who have ruined our economy. We thought we were clever but we have now tasted the fruit of such self-deception. Stealing public property makes us all poor. Poor infrastructure, homelessness, unemployment and insecurity are the fruits of our irresponsible behaviour.
Fortunately, things do not have to continue that way. Where there has been indiscipline and chaos, we can restore order. Consider the public transport sector for instance. People have been treated like trash—packed like sardines, abused, overcharged- Defective, un roadworthy vehicles have been plying various routes throughout the nation. And the result? Gruesome pictures on the television and in our newspapers, daily testifying of our self-destructive nature. But now sanity is returning. In one voice people have said, “Enough is enough!”. Commuters are now refusing to
board overloaded vehicles and reporting indisciplined and careless drivers to the police.
People have also been reporting those engaging in corrupt practices to the authorities.
It has been so inspiring to see thousands of Kenyans opting to walk to work rather
than give in to exploitation. This illustrates that it is possible to create order. We must
say “yes” to what is desirable and “no” to what is bad.
Answer the following questions.
Question 2: comprehension (20 mks)
3. Cloze Test (10 MARKS)
Fill in the blank spaces with the most appropriate word.
Relatives of people who have 1…………………….mysteriously in the border town of Liboi and Garissa have asked the government to 2…………………………. their whereabouts. The residents, who claimed their 3…………………………….ones were picked 4…………………………. people identifying themselves as police officers also accused the 5………………………….... of being involved 6…………………………the disappearances. They said their loved ones are yet to be 7………………………….despite numerous attempts to locate 8………………………… .At least 14 people have 9…………………………..missing in a span of one year. Liboi 10 …………… 18 Kilometers from the Kenya – Somalia border.
Question 3. Cloze test (10mks)
NB: All the answers must be in the lower case
4. Oral Skills (10 mks)
1. Identify the silent letter in each of the following words. (5mks)
Question 4: Oral Skills (10mks)
v) b 1mk each =5mks
v) sighs 1mk each = 5mks
5. Literature (20 mks)
Read the following narrative and answer the questions that follow.
The vulture and the Hen
Long ago the hen and the vulture used to live on excellent terms, helping each other at any time they needed a hand to procure their domestic necessities.
One day the hen thought of borrowing a razor from the vulture, to shave the little ones. The shaving was already much overdue, but it couldn’t be helped, because she had no razor, and was depending on the kindness of her neighbours. So the hen went to see the vulture and said, “Dear Vulture, I should like to borrow your razor; mine got lost months ago. My little ones are looking very ugly, and also very untidy, with their long unkempt hair overgrown.”
The Vulture listened to the hen with great concern and after a short silence, said, “Dear hen, l cannot refuse you this favour. Tomorrow perhaps l might need your help as well, and we must help each other. However, you must remember one thing. You know what the razor means to me. I have no other income except the rent of that razor; that is to say, that razor is my field, whence I get my daily food. I do not intend to ask you any fee as I do with others; but please be careful to return it to me as soon as you have finished your shaving.’’
“Thank you, brother vulture, I quite understand what you say, and I am very grateful to you. I’ll bring it back very soon.’’
The hen was very glad of the favour, and as soon as she arrived home, made arrangements to be shaved by another woman. The following morning she also shaved her two little ones, so that the whole family was now shining like the moon. The work over , instead of immediately returning the razor to the owner, she put it in a leather purse which was hanging in a corner of the hut.
The days passed, and passed like the water under the bridge, but the hen never thought again of returning the razor to the vulture. She forgot about it completely. The vulture grew impatient, and deeply resented in his heart the unkindness, no, the ingratitude of the hen. Pressed by necessity, he decided to go personally to the hen and demand his razor.
“Oh, dear Vulture,’’ said the hen with confusion and great regret, ‘forgive me; I am so sorry for my negligence. I really intended to return your razor very soon, but I put it in my leather purse, and forgot it completely. Let me go and take it; you will have it in half a minute.”
‘Yes, I know you are a forgetful creature, but look at the damage you have caused me. You have deprived me of my sustenance for many days. Mind you, if you have lost it, you will pay for it and very dearly,’’ said the vulture. The hen rushed into the hut to fetch the razor. She plunged her hand into the leather purse, but alas! It was empty; there was no razor in it. She was very shocked at the unpleasant discovery. She started searching on the floor to see if by chance it had dropped from the purse, but there was no finding it. She looked under the children’s bed, near the firestones, in the store; but there was no sign of it.
Tired and defeated, she came out and imploring said, “Oh dear friend and master. I can’t find it. Have mercy on me! I will search better; I am ready to demolish my hut altogether, and search diligently until I find it and return it to you.”
“I told you to be very careful, and l repeat it; I want my razor back! But mind, l want the very one I gave you, and no substitute.”
The poor hen spent all day searching and searching, but nothing came to light. She demolished her hut, and started searching in the roof-grass, among the rubble of the walls, between the poles, in the ashes, and even in the rubbish pit, but nothing was found.
The following day the vulture came to see the results of the searching. He found the hen still scratching the ground among a heap of dry grass and ox dung, but no razor was yet discovered.
“I am very sorry, dear Hen, “said the vulture, “but now nothing was found.
The following day the vulture came to see the results of the searching. He found the hen still scratching the ground among a heap of dry grass and ox dung; but no razor was yet discovered.
“I am very sorry, dear hen,’’ said the vulture, “but now l cannot wait any longer without compensation for my razor. For today you must give me a chick. Tomorrow I will return and see what has happened in the meantime.”
So the vulture flew away with a chick gripped within his talons under his breast. The following day he returned to the hen. She was still scratching the ground, but she could not see any razor. Another chick went with the vulture. And the same happened in the following days until today. That is the reason why the hen is always scratching the ground, and the vulture swooping on chicks even in our days. The hen is still searching for the razor, and the vulture is still compensating himself for his loss. (20mks)
Question 5: Literature (20 mks)
1. Aetiological/Explanatory narrative. (1mk) It explains why the hen is always scratching the ground and the vulture swooping on chicks. (1mk)
2. Opening formula – “Long ago”
Timelessness – “Long ago”
Closing formula “That is the reason why….”
Use of dialogue – The Hen talking to the vulture, “Dear vulture, should like….”
Personification/ use of animal characters – The Hen borrowing a razor to go share her little ones.
Repetition- ‘ the days passed and passed’ , ‘I am very sorry’
Any 3 features well illustrated 2mks x 3 = 6mks
No mark for identification minus illustration
3. The vulture – 1 strict/principled – sticks by his words
The Hen – forgetful did not remember to return the razor.
Identification 1mk, illustration 1mk
Mark any other relevant trait
4. Cattle keeping/Animal rearing/livestock keeping – mention of ox dung
Shaving- the vulture earns a living by shaving using a razor
Identification 1mk, illustration 1mk = 4mks
5. We should keep promises
We should be obedient
We should forgive our frinds
Any 2 relevant lessons 1mk each = 2mks
Ogre/monster [Any 1 = 1mk]
6. Grammar (20 mks)
1) Give the plural of each of the following nouns (5mks)
Question 6: Grammar (20 mks)
Read the following passage and answer the questions that follows
The statements, events and reactions of the past couple of weeks surrounding the perennially vexed subject of corruption makes me wonder. Are we on the cusp of the challenge to and confrontation against corruption?
Certainly we have come a long way in identifying and isolating it. Let me give a small example .Twenty one years ago, I wrote a piece for the Sunday Nation which was entitled ”Why Kenya’s looting brigade now has its eyes on public land”
The main thrust of the article was that after the monetary excesses of 1992 and 1993, there was a growing penchant for Kenya’s looting brigade to next move their focus and activities to public land. The process was as simple as was crude . A handful of politically connected private individuals or entities would get allocated a prime piece of public land for a nominal sum. A title would be processed and then it would be sold ,in part or whole, at a much higher price to a public institution that had the cash resources. It became known as “land grabbing” and most Kenyans can give countless examples of where this has taken place . It was double plunder because not was the land grabbed; it was often paid out of public resources or savings that were meant for other things.
Today we talk about this activity and make references to it with alacrity and in most cases without fear. Not so in 1994. When I first wrote the piece and offered it to the Sunday Nation ,It passed the relevant tests of being well researched and factually correct, but publishing it was another matter. There was culture of fear that surrounded the whole county and putting one’s head above the parapet was regarded as dangerous and reckless . The piece was pushed around and a couple of editorial desks and the decision to publish was deferred for a while I recall I was requested to “soften” the piece .When it it did eventually get printed ,I was very much aware that that I might get a backlash and braced myself accordingly. Today there is much less remaining of that culture of fear but as we have remained several times recently ,corruption at many levels continues unabated. The dossier compiled by the Ethics and Anti-corruption Authority (EACC) is evidence enough. The stance made by the president on Thursday is also encouraging .
So where to now ? There is no doubt that the public outrage the majority of the population, who are mare victims as opposed to beneficiaries .is gathering the momentum of landslide proportions. We should not underestimate that growing anger . This is both unsurprising and gratifying . for most of us , corruption just makes our lives much tougher ,more fatiguing and even expensive.
The big question is:how seriously will those who have been named take it ?. the norm is many countries which aspire to high integrity standards is that when a person is named by such a body as the EACC ,then that person should step aside . The onus is on the relevant bodies to complete investigations and prosecute as and when necessary and for the person named to defend him or herself.
That is where we should be heading. The presidential should make it clear that all the people named in the scandal should step aside. If we move down that road ,then we are indeed heading in the right direction. If we do not then this will just be another bout of public gesturing of the bread and circuses variety.
Lastly, the EACC and in turn the Director of Public Prosecution ,need to do some ground work to fully support and, where applicable ,prosecute what is being alleged. We are watching and in a number of cases, rather skeptically.
Love is madness.
Hard brutal madness
Love is fire
Love is a chameleon
A camouflaged dangerous chameleon
Hot fiery love,
I beg you……….
Put out your brazing flame,
Because I desire to fell for you
Hand remorseful love
Please change your stance
Before the fire of of my youth
(from the African saga by Susan N. Kiguli)
Instructions to candidates
Imagine you are a leader of a peer support group in your school. You have received numerous complaints about abuse of drugs and substances in your school and its environs. Carry out an intensive investigation and write a report. Include the sources of drugs and substances and possible ways of curbing the problem. (20mks)
Points of interpretation
-Must be a report if not 2 AD
Format – Title ½
Introduction – Background, scope purpose clearly set out: why, when, who carried out the investigation and scope (range of coverage) ½ mk for each item – 2mks
Procedure- Method(s) by which the information was collected eg interview observation, Any method that is clearly explained (2mks)
Findings – analyzed information on any two sources of drugs and substances that are abused (2mks)
Conclusion – Must be deducted from the findings if not logical (00mks) i.e a logical implication of the finding (2mks) If new material or evidence introduced at this point award (00mks)
Recommendations – Must be stated in definite terms eg recommend that ……if not – 1 mk Two logical recommendations for the findings – 2mks)
Total – 10mks)
Language ability (4mks)
A – 04
B – 03
C – 02
D – 01 TOTAL 20 MKS
Read the passage below and fill in each blank space with an appropriate word.
It is an indisputable fact that agriculture ______________ (1) the backbone of the economy. It is therefore _________________ (2) that we stop over-relying on the rain-fed agriculture. Israel is a classic ____________________ (3) of a country that has reclaimed its deserts and put them _____________________ (4) use. Land which was _______________________ (5)”useless” has been turned around and _________ (6) useful. Egypt which closely depends on ________________ (7) River Nile is a leading exporter of fruits and cereals. For our country to __________________ (8) self sufficiency in food production and to get a ________________ (9) for export, land should be utilized to the ________________ (10) this is only possible with irrigation.
Question 2 Cloze test;
Oral skills (30 MKS)
Read the following poem carefully and answer all the questions that follow. (6mks)
Crows on the wing!
What grace as they swim
Rising and driving
Like fish in the billows
In the willowy air
Or softly as feathers
Crows on the wing
What a symphony sings
The wind in their wings
As they swoop as the rise
To the sea to the skies
As they float in the light
(Barnabas J. Ramon Fortune)
E. Your school has organized a farewell party for the form four students. You have been asked on short notice to move a vote of thanks. This will take the form of an impromptu speech. List the elements of your speech in the order in which they will appear. (5mks)
(f)Shouting and screaming from your class disrupted the other students during study time. As the class monitor, you have been called by the teacher on duty to her office to give an explanation. Complete the conversation below by filling in the blank spaces
Teacher: You are the class monitor of form two East, aren’t you?
You: ____________________________________________ (1mk)
Teacher: why was your class shouting and screaming?
You: I am not sure, madam. The noise started at the back of the classroom.
Teacher :______________________________________( 1mk)
You: You see Madam, I sit at the front of the classroom and by the time I turned to look, the boys at the back were already on top of the desks and some were trying to jump out of the window.
Teacher: ________________________________ (1mk)
You: I ran out, Madam!
Teacher: _______________________________ (1mk)
You: I am sorry madam, but it seemed like there was great danger in the middle of the class.
I had to run for my life.
Teacher: when the noise subsided, what did you find out?
You: ______________________________ (1mk)
Teacher: a snake?
You :______________________________( 1mk)
Teacher: whose toy snake was it?
You :______________________________( 1mk)
Teacher: you can go now, but I will need to know whose toy snake it was.
You :___________________________( 1mk)
MAURICE A NYAMOTI
P.O Box 1189 - 40200
Tel: 0728 450 424
Tel: 0738 619 279
Tel: 0763 450 425
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