Explain Four Roles of John the Baptist as a Link between the Old Testament and New Testament
Related Resources on John The Baptist
The Galilean Ministry
THE RAISING OF JAIRUS’ DAUGHTER AND THE HEALING OF THE WOMAN WITH THE FLOW OF BLOOD LUKE 8:40 – 55
LUKE 8:40 – 55
Luke 3:1-20 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)
The Proclamation of John the Baptist
3 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Emperor Tiberius, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod was ruler of Galilee, and his brother Philip ruler of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias ruler of Abilene, 2 during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the wilderness. 3 He went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins, 4 as it is written in the book of the words of the prophet Isaiah,
“The voice of one crying out in the wilderness:
‘Prepare the way of the Lord,
make his paths straight.
5 Every valley shall be filled,
and every mountain and hill shall be made low,
and the crooked shall be made straight,
and the rough ways made smooth;
6 and all flesh shall see the salvation of God.’”
7 John said to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8 Bear fruits worthy of repentance. Do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our ancestor’; for I tell you, God is able from these stones to raise up children to Abraham. 9 Even now the ax is lying at the root of the trees; every tree therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.”
10 And the crowds asked him, “What then should we do?” 11 In reply he said to them, “Whoever has two coats must share with anyone who has none; and whoever has food must do likewise.” 12 Even tax collectors came to be baptized, and they asked him, “Teacher, what should we do?” 13 He said to them, “Collect no more than the amount prescribed for you.” 14 Soldiers also asked him, “And we, what should we do?” He said to them, “Do not extort money from anyone by threats or false accusation, and be satisfied with your wages.”
15 As the people were filled with expectation, and all were questioning in their hearts concerning John, whether he might be the Messiah, 16 John answered all of them by saying, “I baptize you with water; but one who is more powerful than I is coming; I am not worthy to untie the thong of his sandals. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 17 His winnowing fork is in his hand, to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his granary; but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.”
18 So, with many other exhortations, he proclaimed the good news to the people. 19 But Herod the ruler, who had been rebuked by him because of Herodias, his brother’s wife, and because of all the evil things that Herod had done, 20 added to them all by shutting up John in prison.
KCPE and Other Primary Resources
KCSE Past Papers & Other Resources
(i) The raising of Jairus’ daughter.
Lessons learnt about Jesus from the miracle
Lessons Christians learn from the raising
State six lessons Christians learn about Jesus from the raising of Jairus’ daughter. (6 marks)
Lessons Christians learn about Jesus from the raising of Jairus’ daughter (2015 KCSE CRE PAPER 2 Q3.B)
(ii) The healing of the woman with the flow of blood - Luke 8:40 – 48
LUKE 8:40 – 48
Luke 8:40-48 New International Version (NIV)Jesus Raises a Dead Girl and Heals a Sick Woman40 Now when Jesus returned, a crowd welcomed him, for they were all expecting him. 41 Then a man named Jairus, a synagogue leader, came and fell at Jesus’ feet, pleading with him to come to his house 42 because his only daughter, a girl of about twelve, was dying.
As Jesus was on his way, the crowds almost crushed him. 43 And a woman was there who had been subject to bleeding for twelve years, but no one could heal her. 44 She came up behind him and touched the edge of his cloak, and immediately her bleeding stopped.
45 “Who touched me?” Jesus asked.
When they all denied it, Peter said, “Master, the people are crowding and pressing against you.”
46 But Jesus said, “Someone touched me; I know that power has gone out from me.”
47 Then the woman, seeing that she could not go unnoticed, came trembling and fell at his feet. In the presence of all the people, she told why she had touched him and how she had been instantly healed.48 Then he said to her, “Daughter, your faith has healed you. Go in peace.”
Business Studies Notes
Lessons learnt about Jesus from this miracle
Lessons Christians learn from the miracle
Ways in which Jesus uplifted the status of women according to St. Lukes’s Gospel
Ways in which Christians can eradicate cases of discrimination in the society
Lessons that Christians learn from the mighty works of Jesus
GIVE THE TEACHINGS OF JESUS ON THE ROLE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
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DESCRIBE THE INCIDENT WHEN JESUS WAS REJECTED AT NAZARETH LUKE 4:16-30
Describe the incident when Jesus was rejected at Nazareth Luke 4:16-30. (7mrks)
Reasons why Jesus was rejected at Nazareth, His hometown (Luke 4:16-30)
PROBLEMS FACED BY NEW CONVERTS IN THE CHURCH TODAY
JESUS BEGINS HIS WORK IN GALILEE AND IS REJECTED IN NAZARETH - LUKE 4:14 – 30
JESUS HEALS IN CAPERNAUM - Luke 4:31-44
Level: Form 2 (KCSE)
Topic: THE GALILEAN MINISTRY
Sub-Topic: Jesus’ Works of Compassion
Luke 5:1-11 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)
Jesus Calls the First Disciples
5 Once while Jesus was standing beside the lake of Gennesaret, and the crowd was pressing in on him to hear the word of God, 2 he saw two boats there at the shore of the lake; the fishermen had gone out of them and were washing their nets. 3 He got into one of the boats, the one belonging to Simon, and asked him to put out a little way from the shore. Then he sat down and taught the crowds from the boat. 4 When he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Put out into the deep water and let down your nets for a catch.” 5 Simon answered, “Master, we have worked all night long but have caught nothing. Yet if you say so, I will let down the nets.” 6 When they had done this, they caught so many fish that their nets were beginning to break. 7 So they signaled their partners in the other boat to come and help them. And they came and filled both boats, so that they began to sink. 8 But when Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, “Go away from me, Lord, for I am a sinful man!” 9 For he and all who were with him were amazed at the catch of fish that they had taken; 10 and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. Then Jesus said to Simon, “Do not be afraid; from now on you will be catching people.” 11 When they had brought their boats to shore, they left everything and followed him.
KCSE PAST PAPERS
JESUS CALLS THE FIRST DISCIPLES - LUKE 5:1-11
Lessons Christians learn from the call of the first disciple
Reasons why Jesus faced opposition from the PHARISEES in Galilee - Luke 5:12 – 6:1
Luke 5:12 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)
Jesus Cleanses a Leper
12 Once, when he was in one of the cities, there was a man covered with leprosy. When he saw Jesus, he bowed with his face to the ground and begged him, “Lord, if you choose, you can make me clean.”
Luke 6:1 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)
The Question about the Sabbath
6 One sabbath while Jesus was going through the grainfields, his disciples plucked some heads of grain, rubbed them in their hands, and ate them.
Lessons Christians learn from the incident when Jesus faced opposition from the Pharisees in Galilee
Ways in which church leaders can respond to those who oppose their work
THE CHOOSING OF THE TWELVE DISCIPLES AND JESUS TEACHINGS ON TRUE DISCIPLESHIP
Jesus prayed the whole night for God’s guidance and revelation before choosing the 12 disciples. He called his disciples and chose 12. They were to accompany him, teach his word and be witnesses to the Good news.
The 12 were:
Reasons why Jesus chose the twelve disciples
Lessons learned from the choosing of the twelve disciples
Ways in which the Church is preparing the youth for leadership roles in the society
JESUS TEACHING ON THE QUALITIES OF TRUE DISCIPLESHIP - Luke 6:20-49
After Jesus Christ had selected the twelve, he taught them on the qualities of true discipleship during the sermon on the plain.
The term transfiguration refers to transformation of Jesus’ body into heavenly glory.
Luke 9:28-36 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)
28 Now about eight days after these sayings Jesus took with him Peter and John and James, and went up on the mountain to pray.
29 And while he was praying, the appearance of his face changed, and his clothes became dazzling white.
30 Suddenly they saw two men, Moses and Elijah, talking to him.
31 They appeared in glory and were speaking of his departure, which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.
32 Now Peter and his companions were weighed down with sleep; but since they had stayed awake, they saw his glory and the two men who stood with him.
33 Just as they were leaving him, Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good for us to be here; let us make three dwellings, one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah”—not knowing what he said.
34 While he was saying this, a cloud came and overshadowed them; and they were terrified as they entered the cloud.
35 Then from the cloud came a voice that said, “This is my Son, my Chosen; listen to him!”
36 When the voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone. And they kept silent and in those days told no one any of the things they had seen.
JESUS FEEDS THE FIVE THOUSAND - LUKE 9:10 – 17
LUKE 9:10 – 17
Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand
10 When the apostles returned, they reported to Jesus what they had done. Then he took them with him and they withdrew by themselves to a town called Bethsaida, 11 but the crowds learned about it and followed him. He welcomed them and spoke to them about the kingdom of God, and healed those who needed healing.
12 Late in the afternoon the Twelve came to him and said, “Send the crowd away so they can go to the surrounding villages and countryside and find food and lodging, because we are in a remote place here.”
13 He replied, “You give them something to eat.”
They answered, “We have only five loaves of bread and two fish—unless we go and buy food for all this crowd.” 14 (About five thousand men were there.)
But he said to his disciples, “Have them sit down in groups of about fifty each.” 15 The disciples did so, and everyone sat down. 16 Taking the five loaves and the two fish and looking up to heaven, he gave thanks and broke them. Then he gave them to the disciples to distribute to the people. 17 They all ate and were satisfied, and the disciples picked up twelve basketfuls of broken pieces that were left over.
Lessons learnt about Jesus from the feeding of the 5,000.
Lessons Christians learn from the feeding of 5,000
How the feeding of the 5,000 people prepared the disciples for their future work
It made them know:
Virtues Christians learn from the miracle of the feeding of the 5,000
THE PERSON OF JESUS AND HIS DESTINY - Luke 9:18 – 27
The kind of Messiah the Jews expected
The kind of Messiah that Jesus is to Christians
Questions you will most likely meet in examinations
THE RAISING OF THE SON OF THE WIDOW OF NAIN
Lessons learnt about Jesus from the raising of the son of the widow
Lessons Christians learn from the healing
LUKE 7:11 – 17
Luke 7:11-17 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)
Jesus Raises the Widow’s Son at Nain
11 Soon afterwards he went to a town called Nain, and his disciples and a large crowd went with him. 12 As he approached the gate of the town, a man who had died was being carried out. He was his mother’s only son, and she was a widow; and with her was a large crowd from the town. 13 When the Lord saw her, he had compassion for her and said to her, “Do not weep.” 14 Then he came forward and touched the bier, and the bearers stood still. And he said, “Young man, I say to you, rise!” 15 The dead man sat up and began to speak, and Jesus[b] gave him to his mother. 16 Fear seized all of them; and they glorified God, saying, “A great prophet has risen among us!” and “God has looked favorably on his people!” 17 This word about him spread throughout Judea and all the surrounding country.
How Christians continue with the healing ministry of Jesus
(c) Assurance to john the Baptist - Luke 7:18 – 35
Luke 7:18-35 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)
Messengers from John the Baptist
18 The disciples of John reported all these things to him. So John summoned two of his disciples 19 and sent them to the Lord to ask, “Are you the one who is to come, or are we to wait for another?” 20 When the men had come to him, they said, “John the Baptist has sent us to you to ask, ‘Are you the one who is to come, or are we to wait for another?’” 21 Jesus[a] had just then cured many people of diseases, plagues, and evil spirits, and had given sight to many who were blind. 22 And he answered them, “Go and tell John what you have seen and heard: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers[b] are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, the poor have good news brought to them. 23 And blessed is anyone who takes no offense at me.”
24 When John’s messengers had gone, Jesus[c] began to speak to the crowds about John:[d] “What did you go out into the wilderness to look at? A reed shaken by the wind? 25 What then did you go out to see? Someone[e] dressed in soft robes? Look, those who put on fine clothing and live in luxury are in royal palaces. 26 What then did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet. 27 This is the one about whom it is written,
‘See, I am sending my messenger ahead of you,
who will prepare your way before you.’
28 I tell you, among those born of women no one is greater than John; yet the least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.” 29 (And all the people who heard this, including the tax collectors, acknowledged the justice of God,[f] because they had been baptized with John’s baptism. 30 But by refusing to be baptized by him, the Pharisees and the lawyers rejected God’s purpose for themselves.)
31 “To what then will I compare the people of this generation, and what are they like? 32 They are like children sitting in the marketplace and calling to one another,
‘We played the flute for you, and you did not dance;
we wailed, and you did not weep.’
33 For John the Baptist has come eating no bread and drinking no wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon’; 34 the Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Look, a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ 35 Nevertheless, wisdom is vindicated by all her children.”
KCSE PAST PAPERS
KCPE PAST PAPERS
Lessons Christians learn from the incident
The aspects of John the baptist that Jesus praised
Jesus praised John the Baptist’s unique strength and unshakable consistency.
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