TOP SECONDARY EXAMINATIONS
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Define the following words
History as a discipline is the study of Man's chronological account and record of events in relation to the environment. The study of which articulates, develops and encourages critical analysis of the social, political and economic aspects of man.
The word "History" is derived from a Greek word 'Historia' which means to ask, enquire or search for the truth and report the findings.
There are many definitions put forward on the meaning of history. However, it is generally argued that history is man's attempt to answer the questions: What event? Who was involved? When, and why it took place as well as what effects the event had or has on the people involved.
History is also a record, account, and analysis of human activities and relationships on earth in a given time. It is an important discipline that records, preserves and integrates both the physical and social developments as they affect man.
The word government comes from the word 'govern' which means to control through regulations and a set of rules. Government means the way of ruling, administering and controlling a people. It deals with the exercising of authority and the directing of people's lives as spelt Out in their society. Generally then, government is seen as the political organisation, structure and authority.
It affects every aspect of man's life as a social being who is subject to some form of authority, starting from the home to schools and to all Other organisations. The regulations and rules set in any social unit or organisation and the way they are implemented is an important aspect in government.
In many cases, there are individuals Or officers, assigned the-duty Of ensuring that all the rules, laws, atoms, traditions and regulations are observed. These individuals have the power to punish those who break rules. Government is, therefore', a form Of organized control in a defined geographical area, e.g., a country. The control is exercised by a small body Of people. It is this body that enforces laws for and on behalf of a larger section Of the population or subjects. The government is therefore the small body of persons within a country who make and enforce laws.
In conclusion, government deals with people's attempt at organized life, while History is the study Of people's political, social and economic activities in relation to their environment. Government is therefore, part of history. It is people's attempt to govern themselves, their political activities in relation to the rest of society. History and Government is therefore the study Of people and society.
Pre-history is the study of history of man in the distant past that relies on scientific laboratory examinations of excavated materials and fossils.
Name two branches of history and government
History is divided into three branches. These are:
This is the study of a people's way of ruling, people's leaders and the system of administration. It involves controlling, guiding, directing and managing people's activities and actions.
This is the study of people's beliefs, dressing, taboos, literature and religion. It involves the understanding of the cultural practices and
ways of life of a people.
This is the study of how people make their daily living. It is the study of the occupations of a people. It involves such activities as hunting and gathering, agriculture, industry, trade, transportation and communication.
What is the importance of studying History and Government?
Importance of Studying History
Importance of Studying Government
Give two disadvantages of using electronic sources of information on history and government
Define oral tradition and give examples of an oral tradition
Throughout the ages, individuals, communities and peoples have tried to explain how they came into existence. This explanation is given through the oral traditions, for example, in myths and legends. The Agikuyu believe that Ngai (God) appeared and created their ancestors, Gikuyu and Mumbi at Mukurwe wa Gathanga. The Maasai believe that their ancestors were dropped by Enkai (God) from the sky.
Give one advantage of anthropology as a source of information in history and government
Define the term “evolution”
Give two reasons why Africa is referred to as cradle of mankind
Identify any two archeological sites in Kenya
Which stage of evolution is associated with acheulian tools?
State any two differences between man and ape
Give any two characteristics of Aegyptopithecus
Give one economic reason for studying history and government
Define the term stone age period
Name the three uses of fire during stone age period
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