We have earlier seen the rule of the Umayyads and how it became unpopular among the people. Regardless of this unpopularity, the Umayyads made several achievements and contribution to Muslim empire. Among these contributions and achievements are:
FACTORS THAT LED ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE UMAYYADS
Even though the Umayyad became a very successful empire for a period of ninety years, it was unable to outwit the many opposing groups and internal challenges they faced. Finally, the Umayyads had to bow and leave the leadership of the empire. We shall now look at the reasons that led t the decline of the Umayyad Dynasty:
FACTORS THAT LED TO THE DECLINE OF UMAYYAD DYNASTY
Supposing you were travelling and the time of prayer finds you at a place where there is no water, How would you purify yourself for Swalat? Taking into consideration that swalat is a must for a muslim and is performed at prescribed times; Allah (S.W.T) has given a solution to such an eventuality in the Quran. Almighty Allah (S.W.T) says: “…But if you are ill,or on a journey,or one of you comes from offices of nature,or you have been in contact with women and you find no water,then take for yourselves clean sand or earth and rub therewith your faces and hands.Allah does not wish to place you in a difficulty, but to make you clean…”[Q:5:6]
In reference to this verse, the use of clean sand for purification in preparation for swalat is refeerd to as tayammum.
Even though the word tayammum literally means an aim or a purpose, in this context it refers to dry ablution where clean sand is used to wipe the face and the limbs as an alternative of wudhu’.
Hudhaifa (R.A) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) said: “And the soil of the earth has
been made for us as a means with which to purify ourselves (for prayer) when we cannot find water.” (Muslim)
Reasons for performing Tayammum
Even though the sharia allows the use of pure sand for purification,it is only permissible on specific occasions.This occasions may be necessitated by the following reasons:
Conditions of tayammum
When performing Tayammum,you should consider the following three conditions:
Essential steps of tayammum.
Besides the three conditions of perfoming Tayammum,the following steps should be followed while in the actual process:
Nullifiers of tayammum.
As you learnt earlier, wudhu can be nullified by certain acts. Do you remember some of these acts? Similarly,thre are acts that if done will nullify tayammum.These acts include the following: