Achieving 80% Ayrshire Genetics: Crossbreeding Strategies for Zebu Cows
Getting an 80% Ayrshire offspring from a zebu cow involves a breeding strategy known as crossbreeding. Here's a general approach to achieving this goal:
How many generations will it take to achieve 80%?
The number of generations required to achieve 80% Ayrshire genetics in the offspring from a zebu cow can vary depending on various factors, including the breeding strategies employed, the initial percentage of Ayrshire genetics in the zebu cow, and the selection criteria used during the breeding process.
Generally, with each generation of crossbreeding, the Ayrshire genetics in the offspring will increase. However, it is difficult to provide an exact number of generations needed to reach 80% Ayrshire genetics without specific information about the starting point and the breeding program.
To estimate the number of generations required, breeders often use the concept of "breeding up" or "grading up." This involves calculating the expected percentage of Ayrshire genetics in each successive generation based on the initial percentage and the breeding plan. With each generation, the Ayrshire genetics will increase, but the rate of increase may vary.
It is recommended to consult with a livestock breeding specialist or agricultural extension service to develop a breeding plan specific to your situation. They can provide more accurate estimations based on the specific genetic background, breeding goals, and available resources.
HOW TO VIEW TPAD REPORTS FOR PREVIOUS YEARS IN THE https://tpad2.tsc.go.ke/ PORTAL
1. Log into https://tpad2.tsc.go.ke/auth/login
2. On the window that opens, select 'self appraisal - 'self assessment' then 'incomplete appraisals'
Use tsc number, ID number and Password
3. Select 'view archived appraisals' from the window that opens
4. select ' incomplete appraisals' button
5. Retrieve your total marks from the 'total marks' column
To find total mean marks for the year, get the average mean form term 1, 2 and 3 for that year.
Is selling onions profitable in Kenya?
Onions are by far one of the most profitable horticultural crops in Kenya. They are way more profitable than Tea, Sugarcane, Maize, Beans and Carrots.
An acre of onions can give returns of between Ksh 700000 to Ksh 1000000 depending on care and provision of necessary requirements.
Read more on onion farming in Kenya https://www.atikaschool.org/how-to/how-to-make-millions-from-onion-farming-in-kenya
1 ACRE COST BREAKDOWN: ONIONS
To attain the highest ROI [RETURN ON INVESTMENT],
Assuming you don’t have land, it's a good time to lease land. The cost of leasing land greatly differs from one region to another. There are several areas you can acquire land, just make sure the area is hot with lots of sunshine and a permanent source of water.
Onions need such climate and a lot of water for optimum growth and high yields. These areas include, Juja Farm, Mang’u, Thika, Kithimani, Matuu, Machakos, Emali, Loitoktok,Isnet, Isinya, Athiriver, Kajiado, Naivasha, Narok, Nyahururu, Rumuruti, Maralal, Nyeri, Karatina, Embu, amongst others.
In areas around Nairobi, Leasing cost can be up to 30,000 annually. Other areas range from 7,000 to 14,000 per year. This is a good point to ensure the acquired land is cleared of all bushes, trees or rocks in preparation to start onion farming.
This is where you do irrigation systems installation depending on your prefered method for irrigation. If it is drip irrigation, Total cost for buying and installing drip system is about 120,000/-. If using flood or basin irrigation, you need a pump and about 60 units of 3 inch back to back pipes @650 each and a delivery horse @1500/-. A good pump of at least 6HP, can cost around 25,000/- or cheaper depending with quality.
With drips the total setup cost is 120,000/-
Basin Irrigation Cost is: 65,000/-
Soil testing is a very important step when it comes to Onion Production. Collect a sample and submit it to KARI or KEMRI for analysis. This will guide you on the type of fertilizers and quantity to use in your onion cultivation. A soil test will cost you 1500/-.
Having the right seeds is key to a successful venture. Ensure to plant the right seeds with a seed rate of 1.5kgs in basin irrigation and 2kgs in drip irrigation for a good production. We have imported the Best seed varieties that will ensure yields of up to 28 tonnes per acre if done well and with the correct seed rate. Most onion seeds will cost between 20,000/- to 26,000/- per kg.
Establishing the nursery is a simple task. You can put up raised beds, or sunk basins depending on how you intend to irrigate your nursery. Make at least 15-20 beds with 10m length and 1m width. This is a one man work and can cost you 2000/-. This is where you can use a selective pre-emergence herbicide to contain weeds. However, if you decide to do so, do not sow your seeds until after 2 weeks.
After the establishment, sowing is the next activity. You can either sow in rows or broadcast. To save space and ensure maximum germination, we recommend the broadcasting method. Use DAP fertilizer 1 kg and cover with light soil then add mulch. Water immediately after mulching.This is a one day job using at most 5 people for the Job, paying 250/- Per person. DAP will cost you 100/-: Acquiring Mulch will cost about 500/-: Total Cost for Sowing is: 1,850/-
This practices include, Spraying, weeding and general crop husbandry. This is where most farmers lose 40% of seedlings without realization.
Make sure weeding and Spraying is done timely. Avoid spraying weeding herbicides at this stage of the nursery and use hand weeding instead.
Hand weeding will be done twice in the nursery. This will require up to 10 people each time working for 2 days at a rate of 250/- per person per day. Weeding will therefore cost you up to 10,000/- at the nursery life.
Spraying on the other hand will depend on the products being used. Using my spraying program, the cost is negligible if you purchase the entire spray program for the whole season.
My spray program works perfectly and has enabled us to contain 99% of nursery complications that come from common diseases and pests and i have been able to prevent damage or loss. To get this program, text 0719106700 @299/-
Start land preparation 3 weeks before the seedlings are ready for Transplanting. This will save you the cost of double ploughing. Land preparation involves Ploughing @4000/- and Harrowing @2000/-. With drip irrigation, this is where you check all your installations are in good shape and functioning properly.
If you did not do your installation initially, you can do it now. For flood irrigation folks, this is where you make your basins. An acre will contain about 1000-1200 basins. Each basin will cost up to 5/-. This is a total of 5,000/- on top of Ploughing and harrowing. Preparation of transpanting basins can take up to a week.
So be keen on timing so that you don’t run out of time. We don’t want our seedlings to overstay at the nursery( not more than 45 days) awaiting land preparation. Total land preparation is 11,000/- per Acre.
This is a beautiful activity. It gives you that sense of achievement. However it is costly and you should ensure you have enough funds to keep it going.
On the eve of Transplanting, check my spray program and see what to add to the soil for very quick growth and strong plants after transplanting. This mixture makes for smooth transition and prevent damage and loss from shock.
You will need at least 12 people for this job and this people will work on average 3 days or a maximum of 4 days depending on the kind of workers you will be having. Normal rate is 250 per half day or 350 full day. In our case, full day for 3 days is achievable. That’s a total cost of 13,000/-
This is one of the most important aspects in onion farming. Late or wrong fertilization could mean a reduced yield in your production. For maximum utilization, check your soil test results.
For those doing organic farming, check your soil test results to understand what amounts and type of manure to apply.
1 week after transplanting, Apply DAP or Yara Power. 3 weeks later, Start Topdressing with NPK, CAN or YaraWinner. For best bulb formation and heavier bulbs topdressing should be done 3 times with 50kgs rate per acre.
This means 4 bags of fertilizer the entire season. Each application will require application labour of 1 person @350. Depending on the cost of fertilizer in your region fertilization will cost you up to 15,000/-
Use MrJoker chelated fertilizer for uniform growth of bulbs and compact heavy bulbs.
our spray program(december edition) covers fertilizer application in details according to your soil test results and application rates per linear row.
Your production could drastically reduce if you don’t create a weed free environment for your onions. This is because onions do not compete well with weeds. Hand weeding is the most common method you can apply. You will need 10ppl @350 working 2 full days for each weeding activity.
Depending on you farm, weeding maybe done up to 3 times. This will mean a Total of up to 21,000/- for Weeding the entire season.You ca use chemical weeding on the other hand which is cheaper and efficient in weed control. Ensure to follow the guidelines for chemical weed control.
Only use selective herbicide after transplanting. Oxyfen has been proven very effective in weed control in onions. Apply 14 days after transplanting. View prices on our website.
This is key in onion farming. For organic farmers, i will be sharing biological control methods that work best for onions in the case of pest/disease infestation.
Most farmers lose a lot of potential yield due to lack of skills in controlling such pests and diseases.You end up using a lot of products( which are actually ‘the same’) and spend a lot of money in trying to contain common diseases and pests that could be contained following a spray program specifically for onions.
The cost for spraying could be alot more and it all depends how timely you start spraying your onions. Our spray program covers proper timing and preventive measures that will cost you less and save you the mess of trial and error. On average, with a spray program, you can spend about 10,000-15,000/-
Ensure to spray our organic MrSortie foliar every two weeks for perfect growth.
Buy the spray program on our website or WhatsApp 0719106700 for quick purchase.
By this time, you have everything set-up and it's all systems go for irrigation. Irrigation starts during transplanting and is done every 3 days for the entire season until the bulbs seem to mature.
Irrigation should stop 2 weeks before harvesting to allow for drying in preparation to start the bending procedure of the necks. Using the drip system means your only cost will be for pumping water to the tank. Depending on the climate, type of soil and the WRC( Water retention capacity) you may have to run your drip system for 30 min or 1 hour 2 or 3 times a day using 3,000 - 6000 litres daily. You will be able to determine this cost yourself.
For the basin type, you will need to use a max of 5ltrs of petrol or 3 litres of diesel per each irrigation. We can do a max of 600/- per each irrigation. Thats 1200/- weekly for 8 weeks assuming no rainfall. In very hot areas, irrigation should be done every 2 days. Irrigation cost may be 11,000/- on average or lower or even higher depending on climate extremes.
You can therefore do your own summary on the above costings depending on the factors mentioned at each level of your farming.
To get a table summary for this breakdown,seeds, herbicides or consulting Whatsapp +254719106700. For any suggestions, corrections or info, leave a comment.
HOW TO RECOVER EPSON SCANNER PREVIEW WINDOW NOT SHOWING UP
1. OPEN EPSON SCANNER CONTROL PANEL
2. SELECT CONFIGURATION
3. CLICK OTHER TAB
4. CLICK ON RESET ALL BUTTON
5. RE-OPEN THE EPSON SCANNER CONTROL PANEL
HOW DO I KNOW THAT MY CAR TYRE HAS A THREAD WEAR TO AVOID THE WRATH OF POLICE OFFICERS?
Do you know the legal limit for your tyre tread?
The law requires a minimum of 1.6mm tread depth across the face of the tread in contact with the road.
Look for the tread wear indicator bars moulded across the tread at regular spacings to gauge the minimum tread depth. When the tread block is level with the wear bar, the tyre is at its legal limit.
Having tyres with an effective grip can significantly lower your stopping distance. Safety experts recommend having at least 3mm of tread on your tyres to ensure your stopping distance is as low as possible
Similarly, tread wear comes in many different forms, many of which mark a tyre as unusable. These include:
While the average new passenger tyre has between 8-12mm of tread depending on the tyre’s size, the minimum standard is 1.6mm of tread. Less than this amount and you could actually be charges with an offence.
Fines and MOT Failure
Motorists who drive on illegal or defective tyres can be fined. A police officer may issue a fixed penalty notice or report the case for prosecution, where the court can impose a fine of up to Ksh 2,500 for each illegal tyre.
Online application link for the Wings to Fly scholarship program
Elimu Scholarship Programme targets needy (orphan or vulnerable) Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (KCPE) candidates. Beneficiaries are identified by assessing their performance in the KCPE Examination that is administered nationally.
Online application for the Wings to Fly scholarship program is easy and fast. Simply follow the steps below:
This is what you may need to fill online
There are a number of rehabilitation centres in Kenya [Check list] that can absorb as much as the number of drug addicts from our society.
However, not many families with patients can afford the charges slapped on the bill voucher at the end of every month he/she is attended to. This is due to the fact that 46% of the Kenyan population live below a dollar($) a day.
The cheapest rehabilitation centres such as Hema in Gesonso, Kisii charge from Ksh 30, 000/Month to the most expensive ones lying along Nairobi, Nakuru and Kiambu suburbs charging anything above 45, 000/month plus hidden charges.
This calls for medical Insurance covers such as National Insurance Hospital Fund (NHIF) and AON (a Gaelic word meaning one).
Even though medical Insurance covers can chip in to relief the sponsor, its impact does very little to the brim of negligence.
NHIF for example, covers medical bills of the patient to the limit which depends on your monthly contributions and/or whether you are a private contributor or a civil servant.
In most cases, it covers only medical expenses which will be approximately 4% (Ksh. 6000/=) of your total medical bill as an inpatient. With private contributors, NHIF only covers up to Ksh. 30,000/= in a year.
Am not conversant with AON since they are new players in this society neither the health centres accredited to offer their services. Therefore, I would most likely concentrate on NHIF accredited health centres.
1. John Mututho Empowerment Centre (JOMEC)
2. BSR - BRAIN SPINE AND REHABILITATION HOSPITAL
3. Precision Counseling Institute
4. ELDORET HOSPITAL
5. NAIROBI WEST HOSPITAL
6. RETREAT REHAB CENTRE
Communications Authority of Kenya (CA) Issues this Relief Statement on Sim-Card Registration after Kenyans Cried Foul Play by the Authority.
The Communications Authority of Kenya (CA) has issued a fresh statement to relieve Kenyans the burden of Queuing at Safaricom Shops across the country with an extra cost.
This is after the Director Ezra Chiloba announced recently that all Kenyans must register for their Sim-Cards afresh failure of which could land them in prison.
His statement caused fury and anger across the country with some Kenyans threatening to take the commission to court.
The President of Law Society of Kenya Nelson Havi was one of those few Kenyans who threatened the Mobile Service Provider-Safaricom with legal actions should his line be disconnected.
"Dear @SafaricomPLC , I acknowledge your text to update my SIM Card registration to avoid disconnection. I understand the cost of update is Kshs 300. You have my ID Card with which the SIM Card was registered. I will take legal action against you, should my line be disconnected."
Hours later, The Communication Authority of Kenya Issued a statement contrary to the first statement stating that only unregistered Sim Cards will be targeted.
Finally The LSK President tweeted something which looked like making a mockery to Ezra Chiloba.
HOW CAN I IMPROVE MY READING SKILLS?
THESE APPROVED HABITS CAN HELP YOU IMPROVE YOUR READING SKILLSAre you one of those people who read but don't understand? Or do you literary lose interest in reading? Well! you are not alone, reading also needs skills that can be used efficiently and effectively to fulfil objectives. Here are some of the habits and factors that can be used to influence your reading methods.
Do you want to add dependents to your card?
Kindly bring a copy of your
Visit any NHIF office or Huduma Center near you with a copy of your ID, your spouse's ID copy, marriage certificate copy and in case you do not have one a sworn affidavit. Last but not least, for the children copy of their birth certificates or birth notification if the child is between 0-6 months and passport size photos for all dependants.
Can I add a dependants online by myself?
Visit Huduma center or any NHIF branch near you.
Kindly bring a copy of your ID and your spouse's ID copy, marriage certificate or an affidavit from the magistrates' court to add your spouse to your card. For your child, avail his/her birth certificate to add them as your dependent or a birth notification if he or she is 0 to 6 months old.^RO
Can my dad use my NHIF card?
No please! Your card only covers the nuclear family.
Can I register my son on the dads NHIF card without the dad's name
For your child, avail his/her birth certificate to add them as your dependent or a birth notification if he or she is 0 to 6 months old.
If dad's name is not in the birth certificate but the mother's name is; then the mother should produce a marriage certificate or affidavit to prove that she is married to the dad.
Can u register 2 wives in cases you have such?
Please note that the card will cater for one wife. The second wife will be opened for her own card.
How old should my dependants be?
Siblings should be below 18 years.
What you need to add dependants to NHIF in summary
For a Spouse:
For your siblings:
Ranking and grading student marks can sometimes be a tedious and confusing work given the formulae and functions involved. In this this manual, we will illustrate to you how to achieve this.
Consider the Mathematics grading system below:
Mathematics Grading System
BASIC FUNCTIONS AND FORMULA IN EXCEL/SHEETS USED FOR GRADING
USING THE 'NESTED IF' FORMULA
Consider the Excel sheet below
To grade the average column, we will put this nested if formula in cell G2 and copy it downwards
using the formula above, we get this result
Sometimes, the above function may give wrong grades due to rounding errors.
In rounding errors for example, a number such as 29.5 may be rounded off to 30 by the computer as instructed by the user. The user will see 30 but the computer will see 29.5 hence giving grades contrary to the users expectation. When such a challenge happens, use this formula.
Note: the formula references values in cell f3
try it yourself
Using the ranking formula
Paste this ranking formula in cell H2
here is the outcome
To arrange students according to their performance, use the sort command on average column
I hope that you got the answers you were seeking. just incase you have any question in this excel topic, feel free to ask it in the comment section below.
HOW TO LOG ONTO TPAD PORTAL
STEP 1: OPEN https://tpad2.tsc.go.ke/
STEP 2: SELECT LOGIN COMMAND
STEP 3: SELECT YOUR TSC RANK
A login pop up window will appear
STEP 4: ENTER YOUR LOGIN DETAILS
Required: TSC Number, ID Number and Password
STEP 5: CLICK ON LOGIN BUTTON
HURRAY!! YOU JUST LOGGED IN AND YOUR TPAD CONTROL PANEL APPEARS AS SHOWN BELOW
Just incase you are experiencing problems, contact email@example.com or call 020 289 2000
Or just share your challenges in the comment box below so that we can try to find the solution.
There are two ways common ways of of taking screenshots on a laptop namely:
Method 1: Ctrl + PrtScn to copy then Paste content in Microsoft Office Word for editing.
Here is an example:
Method 2: Using a screen capture application
DuckLink Screen Capture allows you to take screen shots in three different ways: by choosing the area of the desktop that you want, choosing a specific window, or choosing the entire desktop. You can take the screenshots manually through the program window or assign a keyboard shortcut to each of the options. Of course, you can also choose the format that you want to give the images (JPG, BMP or PNG) or set the program to ask you to save each capture that you take with a specific name and location. DuckLink Screen Capture is a very interesting tool. While it doesn't offer anything that similar programs don't have, it does have a relatively user-friendly interface and it doesn't use very much space on the system.
2. Configure and start using
Advantages of Using Ducklink Screen Capture while taking a screenshot on a laptop
STEP 1: AFTER LOGGING INTO YOUR TPAD ACCOUNT, PROCEED TO APPRAISAL REPORTS MENU
LOGGIN LINK: https://tpad2.tsc.go.ke/
STEP 2: SELECT 'STANDARD REPORTS ' OPTION THEN SELECT YEAR
STEP 3: SELECT TERM
STEP 4: SEARCH
STEP 5: PRINT
contact TSC IT Department
1. SUBARU FORESTER
The Subaru Forester is the most sought after car in google search engine by Kenyans with a monthly search averaging 5400 searches. This elegant SUV is an amazing machine for young and middle age population. It is one of those vehicles categorized by Kenyans as 'cars with a swag'. To acquire a Forester of EX-JAPAN model, you need at least Ksh 2.4 Million with a 2014 engine. It's not easy to acquire a brand new Forester in Kenya unless you are ready to cough more than Ksh 4 Million.
2. Mazda CX-5
This vehicle gives a Subaru Forester a run for her money. This runners up machine is among the most popular sought cars in Kenya. Has a terrific shape and look with all features of a sports utility vehicle.
It has gained popularity in the last 4 months to compete with a forester. A Mazda CX-5 is almost the same price as a forester with a 2014 engine ex-Japan retailing at Ksh 1.9 million. More than 5400 searches on the internet on her credit.
3. SUBARU IMPREZA
Who doesn't know this creature on Kenyan roads? With more than 3600 searches monthly average, a Subaru Impreza is indeed impressive. Her simplicity, fuel economy, uniqueness and speed makes her among the most favored cars with young age of middle class. A 2014 engine model vehicle can retail for 1.5 million shillings.
4. TOYOTA AURIS
This is a first cousin of a Toyota Fielder. Fuel efficient, best resell value, stability, easy to maintain and relatively cheaper. This vehicle is common for low earners in the middle class category such as teachers, nurses, government workers, businessmen and cooperate workers.
3600 on average is the number of times Kenyans are searching for this vehicle every month. A 2014 Auris engine model vehicle can retail for more than Ksh 1.3 million.
5. MAZDA DEMIO
Mazda Demio is a low cost, low fuel consumer designed for low income users. In the last three years, it has grown as the most famous non-Toyota vehicle giving a Toyota Vits peer a run for her money.
A Demio is popular among youth who are experiencing life with a vehicle for the first time and women who want to rush for job and back because it offers convenience, efficiency and affordability. It has a 1300 CC engine meaning it approximately covers 18 Kilometres on a liter of petrol in a continuous motion. A Demio with 2014 engine model costs around Ksh 800,000/=. If you don't care about vehicles with a swag, grab a Demio.
6. SUZUKI SWIFT
Just like a Demio and a Toyota Vits, Suzuki Swift is another vehicle in this category. Small, fuel efficient, reliable and affordable. 2900 times on average is the number of times this tiny Japanese vehicle is sought around the internet in one month. This 1197 CC and 5-seater machine is not out of reach of many Kenyans. This means it can consume 1 liter of Petrol in around 20 Kilometres. A journey from Kisii to Kisumu Approx. 140 KM will cost the car owner around Ksh 850/= translating to 7 litres of petrol. Using a Matatu usually costs Ksh 500/=. A 2014 Engine model vehicle costs around Ksh 850, 000/=
7. BMW X6
BMW X6 is in competition with a Nissan Juke, Toyota Rav 4, Toyota Vanguard and Toyota Rush. This is a category of mini 4 x 4 wagons. Good vehicles among researchers and adventurers. X6 is searched on average more than 2900 times every month by fans on Google. A brand new BMW X6 in Kenya is around Ksh 12 million to Ksh 15.5 million. There is no dispute that this Germany Motor machine is one of the most awesome I have ever seen.
8. NISSAN JUKE
This Japanese machine from Nissan company is not as expensive and a BMW X6, Vanguard or RAV 4 but was built to offer an alternative choice for RAV 4 lovers. On average searched more than 2900 time by fans. It offers variety, comfy and plays as a 'false number 9' among the mini 4 x 4 SUVs. A 2014 engine model retails for around Ksh 1.4 Million.
9. RANGE ROVER SPORT
A Range Rover Sport vehicle is no match of affordability to majority of Kenyans. Other vehicle in this category is a Toyota Landcruiser V8. You can sell your land and Kidney, and wife and children and still can't afford it. Fueling it is also out of reach for majority of Kenyans.
This vehicle is common among business people, politicians, diplomats, cooperates and UN officers. A 2014 engine model can retail at around Ksh 8.5 Million but still Kenyans search it on average 2900 times in a month meaning that Kenyans are too daring. A Brand new Range Rover Sport is around Ksh 15 Million to Ksh 30 Million. A sports RIM set is around Ksh 150,000 WTF...
10. SUBARU OUTBACK
This is a vehicle for upper middle class Kenyans. A 2014 model engine is retailing around Ksh 2.7 million. The Honda CRV, Toyota RAV 4 and Suzuki Escudo are her peers. The vehicle is searched more than 2900 times on Google by fans.
This 2400 CC beast is good for people who have advanced their careers and feel no hitch in fueling it. Very common among sportsmen, businessmen, lawyers, accountants and young doctors.
The following vehicles were selected from a pool of Toyota vehicles available in Kenya putting in mind the fuel efficiency and capacity limited to 7-seaters. There are other fuel guzzlers available with the same capacity which we will cover later. We chose Toyota because they are the cheapest vehicles to maintain in Kenyan perspective.
Some other vehicles listed here are out of production but they are available in most motor Bazaars across the country.
A 7-seater vehicle is effective for use of large family, Taxi, school and even office. Check the list below.
WASCO is a company that deals with water and sanitation services within Kisii Town. When you want your home to be connected with their water grid at the perimeter of their reach, there is a procedure that you need to follow before they connect you.
In this piece, we will outline step by step procedure that will guide you to acquire their services.
What you need;
Procedure for applying and installation
A C+ is the minimum grade to help you gain entry to pursue undergraduate degree in Kenya.
Most students don't attain this grade though according to the KNEC reports published yearly.
In the year 2019, only 125,746 students were able to attain a C+, B-, B, B+, A- and A grades out of 693,263
This represents a meagre 18.14 percent locking 81.86% of the total number of students who sat for KCSE 2019 out of university admission.
List of Evidence a teacher should gather for self Assessment
Please note the following:
Assessment Area: Teaching Requirements
TPAD: Appraisal Rating Meeting
At the end of each term the appraiser will convene an appraisal rating meeting with the appraisee.
In this Meeting The appraisee and the appraiser discuss observations, assessment and complete the termly appraisal.
The teacher’s performance for the term is evaluated against the performance competency areas and appraisal rating for the term is agreed upon.
Areas that require support and development during the following term are identified and a development plan is generated.
A report on learners’ achievements is discussed with a view to further improvement.
In the case of disagreement between appraisee and appraiser rating an arbitrator is involved to make a final decision.
NB: Before the appraisal rating meeting, the appraiser should notify the appraisee of the time, venue and agenda of the meeting. This should be in line with the institutional TPAD calendar of activities.
Teaching standards refer to a set of requirements in TPAD process that define the minimum level of competencies expected of a teacher.
The standards form the basis for a teacher’s performance appraisal. The teachers will be required to show evidence of performance in order to have an objective rating.
The standards are in three categories or domains which are: