Importance of circumcision to Abraham and his descendants
Elements of the Jewish worship found in the Christian worship today
There are a number of elements of Israelite worship which have been carried over from the time of the Exodus to Judaism the early church and to the present time.
These elements include:
NB: The worship of God by the Israelites was more similar to that one of the Traditional African worship.
(EXODUS 19, 24:1 – 8)
Exodus 19 New International Version (NIV)
At Mount Sinai
19 On the first day of the third month after the Israelites left Egypt—on that very day—they came to the Desert of Sinai. 2 After they set out from Rephidim, they entered the Desert of Sinai, and Israel camped there in the desert in front of the mountain.
3 Then Moses went up to God, and the Lord called to him from the mountain and said, “This is what you are to say to the descendants of Jacob and what you are to tell the people of Israel: 4 ‘You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt, and how I carried you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself. 5 Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, 6 you[a] will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites.”
7 So Moses went back and summoned the elders of the people and set before them all the words the Lord had commanded him to speak. 8 The people all responded together, “We will do everything the Lord has said.” So Moses brought their answer back to the Lord.
9 The Lord said to Moses, “I am going to come to you in a dense cloud, so that the people will hear me speaking with you and will always put their trust in you.” Then Moses told the Lord what the people had said.
10 And the Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow. Have them wash their clothes 11 and be ready by the third day, because on that day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. 12 Put limits for the people around the mountain and tell them, ‘Be careful that you do not approach the mountain or touch the foot of it. Whoever touches the mountain is to be put to death. 13 They are to be stoned or shot with arrows; not a hand is to be laid on them. No person or animal shall be permitted to live.’ Only when the ram’s horn sounds a long blast may they approach the mountain.”
14 After Moses had gone down the mountain to the people, he consecrated them, and they washed their clothes. 15 Then he said to the people, “Prepare yourselves for the third day. Abstain from sexual relations.”
16 On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast. Everyone in the camp trembled. 17 Then Moses led the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. 18 Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because the Lord descended on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, and the whole mountain[b] trembled violently. 19 As the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke and the voice of God answered him.[c]
20 The Lord descended to the top of Mount Sinai and called Moses to the top of the mountain. So Moses went up 21 and the Lord said to him, “Go down and warn the people so they do not force their way through to see the Lord and many of them perish. 22 Even the priests, who approach the Lord, must consecrate themselves, or the Lord will break out against them.”
23 Moses said to the Lord, “The people cannot come up Mount Sinai, because you yourself warned us, ‘Put limits around the mountain and set it apart as holy.’”
24 The Lord replied, “Go down and bring Aaron up with you. But the priests and the people must not force their way through to come up to the Lord, or he will break out against them.”
25 So Moses went down to the people and told them.
King James Version (KJV)
24 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the Lord, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off.
2 And Moses alone shall come near the Lord: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him.
3 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the Lord hath said will we do.
4 And Moses wrote all the words of the Lord, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.
5 And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the Lord.
6 And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.
7 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the Lord hath said will we do, and be obedient.
8 And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord hath made with you concerning all these words.
Genesis 15:1-19 Revised Standard Version (RSV)
Importance of the covenant
- It marks God’s initiative to enter into a personal relationship with humankind which had been destroyed.
- It signified the reward of obeying and having faith in God.
- It confirms that God was willing to fulfill the promises He had made to Abraham.
- Through the covenant with Abraham, all nations of the world were to receive God’s salvation.
- It shows that God may elect an individual and use him/her for His purpose.
- By entering into a covenant with Abraham, God was confirming His choice of Abraham as the one to fulfill His plan of salvation.
Ways in which Christians express their faith in God today
- Praying to God.
- Giving offering and tithes.
- Reading the Bible/Bible study.
- Preaching the gospel.
- Singing Christian songs.
- Attending fellowships.
- Helping the needy.
- Leading holy life/obeying God’s laws.
- Repenting their sins.
- Partaking sacraments e.g. the Lord’s Supper, baptism e.t.c.
- Caring for God’s creation.
- Celebrating Christian festivals.
- 24 COMMON QUESTIONS ON FAITH AND GOD’S PROMISES (ABRAHAM) & MARKING SCHEMES
- FAITH AND GOD’S PROMISES: ABRAHAM
- WAYS IN WHICH GOD REWARDED ABRAHAM'S FAITH
- HOW THE CHURCH HELPS TO BRING BACK MEMBERS WHO HAVE FALLEN FROM FAITH
- FACTORS WHICH LEAD PEOPLE AWAY FROM THE WORSHIP OF GOD TODAY
- DISCUSS JESUS’ TEACHING ON THE POWER OF FAITH
- IDENTIFY FIVE TRADITIONAL AFRICAN PRACTICES WHICH DEMONSTRATES PEOPLE’S BELIEF IN GOD
- GIVE PROMISE THAT GOD MADE TO ABRAHAM
KCSE 2015 QUESTION 3(c) PAPER 1
- Through praying/fasting
- Through preaching/evangelism/winning souls to the kingdom of God
- By singing/dancing for God/composing songs/listening to christian songs
- By building worshipping places
- By giving tithes/offerings to God
- By helping the needy/acts of charity
- Through forgiving others/repenting their sins
- By respecting their church leaders/spiritual authority
- By having special attires/wearing a crucifix
- By leading righteous lives/obeying God’s commandments/role models
- By observing religious festivals/rituals/church functions
- By reading the bible/Christian literature
How do Christians in Kenya demonstrate their faith in God? (8 marks)
KCSE 2019 QUESTION 3(c) PAPER 2
Identify seven ways in which Christians demonstrate their faith in God
- Christians pray/pronounce blessings in the name of God.
- They give offering/tithe in church.
- They confess/repent their sins/forgive others.
- By building places of worship for God.
- They undergo baptism/partake of the Holy communion.
- By visiting places perceived to be holy/sacred.
- By obeying the teachings of Christ/commandments/reading the word of God.
- Caring for God’s creation/helping the needy.
- Composing/singing songs to God.
- Dedicating their lives/time to serve God in various positions/preaching gospel.
Characteristics of God’ covenant with Abraham
- It was unconditional
it had two unequal parties i.e. God and Abraham.
- It had promises which were given by God.
- It had an outward sign which was circumcision.
- It was sealed through the blood of the sacrifice.
- It was voluntary
Abraham entered it willingly.
- It was binding
it was to be kept even by Abraham’s descendants.
- It was initiated by God.
Explain the characteristics of a covenant. (5 marks)
- An agreement between two individuals/parties-
A covenant is an agreement between two parties /individuals who were separate before
the parties involved exchange vows /make promises to each other
There are both physical /spiritual witnesses during the making of a covenant
are the physical/outward mark to remind the parties of their obligations to each other
There are rituals performed to seal the covenant
Each party is expected to honour their part of the covenant/failure leads to consequences.
A binding rite
- A heifer
- A she – goat
- A ram
- A turtle dove
- A young pigeon
Meaning of the term Covenant
There are two types;
(i) Conditional covenant
(ii) Unconditional covenant
- Covenant with Noah / Noaic in which God entered into a relationship with the whole world and promised to preserve the life of people (Gen 9) The sign of this covenant is the rainbow.
- The covenant with Abraham in which God promised to fulfill the promises he made with him. The sign is circumcision.
- The covenant with the people of Israel at Mt. Sinai/ Mosaic in which God promised to be their God the Israelites promised obedience (Exodus 24). The sign is the law / the Ten Commandments.
- The covenant with King David in which God promised him that his dynasty will continue forever. (2 Sam 7:14 – 16)
- The covenant with Jeremiah in which God promised to make a new covenant with the Israelites where each individual will know God personally. (Jeremiah 31:3 – 34)
Elements of covenant
- Two or more parties are involved.
- Those involved commit themselves to a binding agreement.
- Involves promises or oaths.
- It usually has some physical sign or symbol.
- It involves a witness or witnesses.
- It is usually sealed.
- A ceremony or a ritual is performed to enforce it.
- It has serious/ negative consequences experienced by those who break it and benefits for those who keep it.
- It means having complete trust in something or in someone.
- It is a strong belief and unquestionable confidence. (Heb 11:1 – 6)
- Faith persuades us to believe in what we have not yet seen and enables us to act on it.
Importance of Faith in Christian life today
- Enables Christians to overcome temptations.
- Gives Christians strength and courage in their lives.
- Inspires Christians to do the will of God.
- Enables Christians to fellowship with one another.
- Makes Christians to lead a prayerful life.
- Promotes unity and oneness among the Christians.
- Enables Christians to preach the word of God.
- Enables them to do wonders and miracles.
- Leads to growth and development of the Church.
- Makes Christians live righteous lives.
- Enables Christians transform the lives of others as role models.
- Enables them to know the truth and insight about God.
- Enables them to praise and glorify God.
- Makes Christians hope for the Kingdom of God as a reality.
LESSONS LEARNT ABOUT GOD FROM THE CALL OF ABRAHAM
- God demands obedience from those He calls.
- He is a faithful God.
- He rewards those who obey Him.
- God is a source of blessings.
- He reveals Himself to humankind.
- He punishes evil.
Lessons Christians learn from the call of Abraham
- Christians should obey God.
- They should have practical faith in their lives.
- They should ask for blessings from God.
- They should be ready to face challenging situations as a fact of their faith.
- They should honour God when rewarded/ blessed.
- They should be prepared to be used by God for His purpose.
What lessons can be learned from Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son?
identify lesson a Christian can learn from Abraham's faith
- Obey God.
- Have faith in God.
- Be patient and wait upon God. / don’t give up.
- Be prepared to face difficult situation.
- Be ready to give up everything for God’s sake.
- God blesses those who are ready to serve him.
- Be wise when dealing with issues affecting our lives.
- Involve family members in worship.
Christian Approaches To Human Sexuality Marriage
Christian Approaches To Law Order Justice
CHRISTIAN APPROACHES TO LEISURE
Christian Approaches To Selected Issues Related To Modern Science
Christian Approaches To Wealth
Christian Approaches To Work
Christians Approaches To Wealth
Christian Teaching On Leisure
Christian Teaching On Work
CREATION AND THE FALL OF MAN
C.R.E FORM 2 NOTES
CRE NOTES FORM 2
CRE PAPER 1
C.R.E QUESTIONS ON ENVIRONMENT
C.R.E REVIEW QUESTIONS
CRE REVIEW QUESTIONS 1
CRE REVIEW QUESTIONS 1 - Page 2
CRE REVIEW QUESTIONS 1 - Page 3
CRE REVIEW QUESTIONS 1 - Page 4
CRE REVIEW QUESTIONS 1 - Page 5
DEATH AND RESURRECTION
Faith And God’s Promises: Abraham
Gifts Of The Holy Spirit
GOD’S PLAN OF SALVATION OF MANKIND
How Christians Show Respect To God
John The Baptist
LEADERSHIP IN ISRAEL: DAVID AND SOLOMON
Lessons Christians Learn
LOYALTY TO GOD: ELIJAH
LOYALTY TO GOD – PROPHET ELIJAH
Marriage And Family
MEANING OF CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS EDUCATION
Nature Of God
Old Testament Prophesies About The Messiah
Order And Justice
Qualities Of Prophet Elijah That A Christian Leader Should Posses
Reasons As To Why Man Is Considered The Most Special Creation Of God
Reasons Why Moses Was Reluctant To Accept God’s Call
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE LIVING TOWARDS GOD
RITES OF PASSAGE
Selected Aspects In African Religious Heritage: African Concept Of God
Selected Old Testament Prophets And Their Teachings
Similarities Between The Traditional African Myths And The Biblical Accounts Of Creation
SINAI COVENANT: MOSES
Spirits And Ancestors
Steps In The Formation/ Sealing Of The Covenant
Summary Of The Ways In Which God Took Care Of The Israelites During The Exodus
Teachings From The Biblical Creation Accounts
Technology And Environment
The Call Of Abraham (Gen. 12:1-9)
The Galilean Ministry
The Infancy And Early Life Of Jesus
THE JERUSALEM MINISTRY
The Journey To Jerusalem
THE KINGDOM OF GOD
THE UNITY OF BELIEVERS
Wealth And Poverty