Kenyans directly or indirectly exercise their sovereign or absolute power through their democratically elected representatives. This power is delegated to the state organs or arms of government namely;
a) The parliament and the legislative assemblies in the county assemblies.
b) The national executive and the executive structures in the county government.
c) The judiciary and independent tribunals.
The process of National government formation.
After every election, the party with the majority of seats in the house forms the government by appointing cabinet secretaries from among professionals (not among elected MPs) with the approval of the National Assembly. The president then appoints the judiciary with the advice of the JSC. The president-elect is sworn in by the chief Justice and the members of the three arms of government also take oath.
The three arms of government operate independently and work on checks and balances
The executive is responsible for running the country by developing and implementing policies that lead to national development.
Even after dissolution of parliament after its expiry, the cabinet exists until a new one is appointed. This is to ensure that there is no power vacuum and that government operations continue.
Role of government in Kenya
The county government is composed of County assemblies, county executive committees and county public service and exist in each of the 47 counties throughout Kenya.
A county government consists of;
The election of a county governor.
The county governor is directly elected by the voters registered in the county at a general election for a term of 5 years. To be eligible for election as county governor, a person must be eligible for election as a member of the county assembly. If re-elected, can serve for another final term of 5 years.
Each candidate for election as county governor nominates a person as his/her running mate to be the deputy governor.
Removal of a County Governor from office.
A governor may be removed from office under the following grounds;
THE COUNTY ASSEMBLY
The composition of a County Assembly in Kenya is as follows;
A county assembly consists of
The functions of a county assembly.
Conditions that must be met by a person seeking for election to a County Assembly.
Vacancy in the office of member of county assembly may happen if the member;
Speaker of County Assembly
The speaker is elected by the county assembly from among persons who are not members of the county assembly. The speaker presides over the county assembly. Another member of the assembly may be elected to play the role of a speaker in case of the absence of the speaker.
Structure and functions of the national government.
The three arms of government are: