The two components of the Kenyan Parliament/legislature are;
The Composition and membership of the National Assembly.
The National Assembly consists of;
Membership of the Senate
The Senate consists of;
Office of parliament.
The following are the officers of parliament;
Speakers and deputy speakers.
Two Speakers, ex-officio member, one for each of the two houses.
Each is elected by members of the respective house from among persons who are qualified to be elected as members of parliament but are not MPs. A deputy speaker is elected from among members of each of the houses by the mps.
Their offices become vacant when;
The speaker has no vote in parliament and in case of a tie, The question is lost. The six speakers in Kenya since independence include;
Role of the speaker.
Role of party leaders.
Functions of parliament in Kenya.
Functions of the National Assembly in Kenya.
Functions of the Senate in Kenya
The process of law making in Kenya.
What is law making?
This is the process of enacting new laws or amending the existing ones.
The two conditions for the start of a law making process are
a) Public Bill- these deal with matters of public policy that affect all citizens of Kenya. They are also categorized into two;
This a bill that has provisions dealing with taxes, payment of charges by public, appropriation , receipt ,custody or issue of public money, raising or guaranteeing of any loan, its repayment or other matters relating to such monies.
The process of the bill coming into force as a law.
After presidential assent, a Bill becomes a law or an act of parliament. It is then published in the official gazette, the Kenya gazette, within seven days after assent.
Sections of it may also be published in the local dailies so as to publicize the law to all residents in the country.
The Act of parliament then comes into force as a law on the fourteenth day after its publication in the Kenya Gazette unless the Act specifies a different date or time when it will come into force. The law then binds everybody in the country.
Special Bills concerning county governments.
Such Bills, when passed by senate, can only be amended or vetoed by National Assembly by a resolution of 2/3 of the members. When the veto or amend fails to pass, the speaker of the National Assembly must within seven days refer the Bill in the form adopted by the senate to the president for assent.
Ordinary Bills concerning counties.
If one house passes an ordinary bill concerning counties and the second house rejects it , the Bill must be referred to the mediation committee.
A mediation committee refers to a committee comprising equal number of members from both houses appointed by the speaker with the task of formulating a version of the Bill that both Houses could pass.
Both houses will then vote to pass or reject the formulated version. The Bill is considered rejected if the committee fails to reach an agreed version within 30 days.
If the second House passes it in an amended form, the bill must be taken back to the originating house for consideration. If the originating house passes it as amended; it is referred to the president for assent within seven days. If it rejects it, it is referred to the mediation committee.