The origin of USA dates back to 1776, when the thirteen British Colonies declared their independence from Britain. USA is a federal government, a form of representative democracy comprising a union of 50 states
The adopted a new constitution in 1787 and has the following features.
The electoral process in USA
There are three types of election held in USA.
Party conventions are held in July to confirm winners of the primary elections. Each presidential candidate picks a running mate who becomes the vice president if the presidential candidate wins. Presidential elections are held after every 4 years (on 2nd November). The election of the president is determined indirectly by the Electoral College that comprises electors appointed by each state.
When a presidential candidate wins the popular vote in a state, he automatically wins all the State’s electors. Direct elections are done through popular vote of one man one vote.
Senators and members of the House of Representatives are elected after every two years. Senators serve for a period of six years with a third of them elected after every 2 years. Members of the House of Representatives serve for four years and are elected on party basis. Each state elects 2 representatives to the senate making a total of 100 senators for the 50 states.
Election of House of Representatives is on the basis of state population. For example, the largest state, California has 52 representatives while Wyoming, the smallest has only one representative. State governors and legislators are elected after every 4 years.
Features of the US system of government.
Features of the state governments of U.S.A.
Limitations of state governments in USA.
How the conduct of USA president is checked
Functions of the political parties in USA’
Differences existing between the House of Representatives and the senate in terms of membership.
Functions of the USA president.
Electoral Process in the India
Describe the Indian electoral process.
Functions of a prime minister in India.
Functions of the Electoral Commission of India.
What conditions must one fulfill to be elected president in India
Functions of the cabinet in the government of India.