MEANING OF HISTORY
The word history comes from the Ancient Greek (historía), meaning 'inquiry', 'knowledge from inquiry', or 'judge'. - (S.K. Kochhar)
It is the study of all human experiences and record of events in relation to the environment.
Is a science concerned with past human actions.
Is a branch of knowledge which deals with the past events of human beings and their response to their environment over the years.
This is the study of the man in known times and this relies on raw data from raw narrations or written works
History is for human self-knowledge. Knowing yourself means knowing, first, what it is to be a person; secondly, knowing what it is to be the kind of person you are; and thirdly, knowing what it is to be the person you are and nobody else is. Knowing yourself means knowing what you can do; and since nobody knows what they can do until they try, the only clue to what man can do is what man has done. The value of history, then, is that it teaches us what man has done and thus what man is.
The value of history, then, is that it teaches us what man has done and thus what man is.
It is a branch of knowledge dealing with the chronology of events- al-Kafiaji It is knowledge pertaining to a country, customs and manners of a people, remains of the people of yore, as well as an account of the actions of those alive- Classical Arabic Historiographers
History is a discipline widely cultivated among nations and races. It is eagerly sought after. The men in the street, the ordinary people, aspire to know it. Kings and leaders vie for it. Both the learned and the ignorant are able to understand it. For on the surface, history is not more than information about political events, dynasties, and occurrences of the remote past, elegantly presented and spices with proverbs. It serves to entertain large, crowded gatherings and brings to us an understanding of human affairs. It shows how changing conditions affected human affairs, how certain dynasties came to occupy an ever wider space in the world, and how they settled the earth until they heard the call and their time was up. The inner meaning of history, on the other hand, involves speculation and an attempt to get at the truth, subtle explanation of the causes and origins of existing things, and deep knowledge of the how and why of events. History, is, firmly rooted in philosophy. Ibn Khaldun
The inner meaning of history, on the other hand, involves speculation and an attempt to get at the truth, subtle explanation of the causes and origins of existing things, and deep knowledge of the how and why of events
History as the study of man. History is majorly concerned with man’s activities in time. History is concerned with man’s activities in space, vis his interaction with the physical and geographical environment, as well as the political and socio-economic spheres. History explains the present. History is a dialogue between the events of the past and progressively emerging future ends
History is a dialogue between the events of the past and progressively emerging future ends
Two periods of history
This is the study of history of man in the distant past relies on excavated materials and fossils.
This is the study of the man in known times. Relies on raw data from raw narrations or written works
Branches of history
(i) Political history
It is the study of government and leaders. It analyses of political thinkers and their styles of leadership
(ii) Economic history
It is the study of the way of earning a living. It deals with economic activities in a different environment e.g. agriculture, industry, trade, transport and communication, hunting and gathering etc
(iii) Social history
It is the study of the way of the people lived together, their way of building, dressing, eating, religion, medicine and education
Meaning of government
Types of governments
(a) Democratic government
It requires the rulers to regularly seek public mandate through popular vote. The elected officials represent the wishes of the people.
(b) Aristocratic government
It is a form of government in which a group from the highest social class in the society rules over the others.
(c) Monarchial government
Power is passed from parent to children. King or queen is the head of state
(d) Dictatorial government
It’s system of government where the ruler has the total power over the subjects
It is a state of lawlessness or absence of government. People do whatever they want
Characteristics of government
Importance of studying history
Importance of studying government
Sources of information on history and government
1. Unwritten sources
Refers to historical information which is not recorded in writing
a. Oral traditions
Refers to the process of passing information by a word of mouth from one generation to the next
Forms of oral traditions:
It is the study of human beings, their origin development, customs, beliefs, and social relationships.
Concerns itself with present day social organizations in relation to customs, cultural values, institutions, forms of government, and systems of marriage, inheritance descent and religious practices.
It gives deeper understanding of a particular of a peopled culture.
Is the study of material remains from the past human life and culture
Methods used to locate an archaeological site
e. Written sources
Writing means making letters or any other symbols on a surface for the purpose of the communication.
This is the scientific study of the ways in which characteristics are passed from parents to their offspring.
Refers to the scientific study of passing on of characteristics from parent to offspring
2. Printed sources
3. Electronic sources
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