By the end of the topic, the learner should be able to:
Table of Content
Functions of the National Land Commission.
Development in agriculture since independence
After independence, the government encouraged small scale farming of coffee and tea as opposed to large scale farming that existed during the colonial period.
The Agricultural development corporation (ADC) was set up to manage large scale farms that were established by the government in western, Rift Valley and Coast provinces. Such farms specialize in production of seeds to be used by farmers for planting. They also specialize in production of high quality dairy and beef cattle in Kenya.
The government also established the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) in Muguga near Kikuyu to assist in identifying good crop breeds for different types of soils.
Irrigation Schemes were expanded in the marginal areas. For example. Mea (central), Bura (coast), Ahero (Nyanza) and Perkerra (central)
The government created development authorities to effectively manage water catchment areas. For example, TARDA, KVDA and LBDA
Challenges facing Kenya’s agricultural sector.
Industrial developments in Kenya since independence
Kenya’s industrial sector was shaped by the long period of colonization. At independence, industry was characterized by dominance of foreign capital and dominance of the agricultural sector.
Factors that facilitated industrial development in Kenya since the colonial era
Measures taken by the Kenyan government to promote industrial development since independence
Factors that have hindered industrial development in Kenya
Social Development and challenges since independence.
To solve the problems inherited at independence in the education sector (poor quality education and poor facilities available the Kenya children), the government undertook the following measures;
Main developments in education in Kenya since independence
In 1975, Kiswahili was made the official languages of parliament and learning in schools. The ministry of education established structures right from the district level to national level to help in fulfilling the national objectives of education.
Several education commissions were set up to streamline education.
The harambee strategy was employed to expand education facilities. Many schools were built.
In 1980, the government took over the responsibility of providing pre-primary education.
In the 1990s, the government in collaboration with UNICEF launched a programme to promote early childhood education.
By1998, the total number of students in the various universities was over 40,000. In 1969, the ministry of education took over the administration of primary education from local government, this witnessed increased enrolment.
In 1978, the government introduced the school milk programme to encourage children especially in drought prone areas to go to school.
The programme stalled in 1990 but had achieved higher enrolment in schools.
The Ministry of education launched school feeding programme, targeting dry areas.
In 2002, the NARC government introduced the ‘Free Primary Education’ policy.
Further reading be done from evolving world on Elementary education and Tertiary education in Kenya
MEASURES TAKEN TO IMPROVE THE HEALTH SECTOR IN POSTCOLONIAL KENYA
Major challenges facing the Health sector in Kenya.
Ways through which the government has encouraged the preservation of African culture since independence.