This is the process by which people are attracted to live in towns or large settlements. An urban centre is any area with a human population of 20,000 people or more.
Some of the early urban centres in Africa included Cairo, Meroe/Merowe and Kilwa.
Factors that influenced development of urban centres in Africa.
This is the capital city of Egypt. The city was founded in 969 AD when the conquerors from Tunisia, ‘The Fatimid Dynasty’ invaded and conquered Egypt
Factors for the growth of Cairo.
Functions of Cairo.
Cairo faces the following problems today;
Solutions to the problems facing Cairo.
This was the second capital of the kingdom of Kush and emerged as a city in 650 BC. It rose to become an important industrial centre and specifically iron working producing weapons, hunting and farming tools.
Factors for growth of Meroe.
Social effects of the growth of Merowe.
Functions of Meroe during the colonial period.
Factors that led to decline of Merowe.
Factors influencing the growth of Kilwa.
Functions of Kilwa.
Factors that led to the decline of Kilwa.
Factors that led to the collapse of early urban centres in pre-colonial Africa
Early urban centres in Europe
Factors that led to growth of Athens.
Functions of Athens.
Factors influencing growth of London.
Functions of London.
Problems of London.
Modern cities in Africa.
Nairobi developed as a depot and camp for the railway workers during the construction of the kenya-Uganda railway
Factors influencing the growth of Nairobi
Functions of Nairobi.
Problems facing Nairobi
Solutions to these problems.
Factors which contributed to the growth of Johannesburg
Functions of Johannesburg.
Problems facing Johannesburg.
Solutions to the problems.
Impact of agrarian development on urbanization in Africa.
On urbanization in Europe
Impacts of industrial revolution on urbanization in the world.
Consequences of urbanization on European communities during the 19th c.