Establishment of Colonial Rule in Kenya
4. Name the company which administered Kenya on behalf of the British government up to 1895(1mks)
11. Give two reasons why the District Focus for Rural Development was established in Kenya.(2mks)
18(section B)3.a) Outline five reasons why the Nandi resisted the imposition of British colonial rule over their territory. (5mks)
b) Discuss the factors which led to the defeat on the Nandi resistance by the British colonial rule over their territory. (10mks)
4. Give the main reasons why the British were able to conquer Kenya during the nineteenth century. (1 mks)
5. State two reasons why Britain used the Imperial British East Africa Company to administer her possessions. (2mks)
17. a) Why did the British become interested in establishing their control over Kenya during the second half of the nineteenth century? (6mks)
b) Explain why some African communities resisted the establishment of British rule in Kenya.
Factors which made the Cushites to migrate into Kenya during the pre-colonial period
Social and Economic Developments during the Colonial Period in Kenya Questions and Answers on Topic
6. Identify two factors which enabled the white settlers to establish farms in the Kenya Highlands during the colonial period.(2mks)
7. Give two factors which led to the establishment of urban centres in Kenya during the colonial period.(2mks)
9. State two results of the development of railway transport in Kenya during the colonial period.(2mks)
6. State two ways through which the construction of the Uganda railway contributed to the development of settler farming in Kenya. (2mks)
7. Give one reason why Africans were denied equal educational opportunities with other races during the colonial period. (1mks)
7 Give one reason why the British colonial government encouraged while settlers to come to Kenya. ( 1mk)
9 Give one reason for the establishment of independent churches in Kenya during the colonial period. (1mk)
10 identify two reasons why Africans migrated to urban centers during the colonial period (2mks)
Introduction to History and Government Topic Questions and Answers
1. Name two sources of the history of the Kenyan communities during the pre- colonial period (2 mks)
1. State two disadvantages of relying on oral traditions as a source of history. (2 mks)
1. Identify two sources of Kenyan history (2 mks)
1. Give two reasons for studying Government. (2mks)
Political Developments And The Struggle For Independence In Kenya (1919 -1963)
7. Give two factors which led to the establishment of urban centres in Kenya during the colonial period.(2mks)
7. Identify two ways in which the trade union movement contributed to the struggle for independence in Kenya. (2MKS)
9. Name two African nationalist parties whose leaders attended the Lancaster House Conference. (2mks)
7. State two recommendations of the Lyttleton Consitution of 1954. (2mks)
8. What was the main ideological difference between KANU and KADU before independence in 1963? (1 mark)
18. a) What grievances did the African Nationalists have against the colonial government in Kenya up to 1945? (3mks)
b) Explain the political developments which hastened the achievement of independence in Kenya between 1945 and 1963? (3mks)
Lives and Contributions of Kenyan Leaders: History Topical Questions and Answers
12. State two main roles that Thomas J. Mboya played in the Kenya African Union (KAU) (2 marks)
21. (b) Explain six ways through which Thomas Joseph Mboya contributed to the struggle for independence in Kenya. (12 mks)
21(b) Explain six ways through which Ronald Ngala contributed to the struggle for independence in Kenya. (12 mks)
Factors which have promoted National Unity in Kenya since 1963
Formation, Structure and Functions of the Government of Kenya –KCSE History Topical Questions and Answers for Form 3 Level
Formation, Structure and Functions of the Government of Kenya
12. Name two parastatal organizations in Kenya that fall under the ministry of Transport and Communication. (2mks)
20(section C) 5.a) What are the constitutional duties of the president of Kenya? (3mks)
21 (section C) 6.a) State three functions of the police force in Kenya. (3mks)
b) Describe six duties performed by provincial commissioners in Kenya. (12mks) (out of syllabus)
22 (section C) 7.a) Identify three functions of the Attorney General of Kenya. (3mks)
b) Describe the structure of the court system in Kenya. (12mks)
13. Identify two national philosophies which have been used in Kenya since the attainment of independence. (2 mks)
17. Identify two national philosophies used as development strategies in Kenya (2 mks)
14. State one contribution of the ‘Harambee’ movement to the development of health services in Kenya. (1 mk)
15. Identify one national philosophy adopted at independence to promote social justice in Kenya (1mk)
21. (a) State five reasons why the government of Kenya adopted the Sessional Paper No. 10 of 1965. (5 mks)
(b) Explain the social effects of the national philosophies on development in Kenya. (10 mks)
17. Identify two characteristics of African Socialism that promote national development in Kenya ( 2mks)
14 State two ways in which the Harambee spirit promotes national unity in Kenya. (2 marks)
MORE HISTORY QUESTIONS AND AND ANSWERS
State four reasons for evolution of man
7. What is the main function of opposition parties in Kenya? (1mk)
To provide a system of checks and balances to the government of the day in order to guard against excess / to act a check on the actions of the government.
4.a)What three factors have facilitated the formation of many political parties in Kenya since 1991? (3mks) Answer
Government Revenue and expenditure in Kenya questions and answers
11 Identify one type of direct tax through which the Kenya government raises its revenue. (1mk)
21(a) Explain why the Kenya government prepares an annual budget. (10 mks)
(b) What measures does the Kenya government take to ensure that public funds are properly used? (5mks)
15. Name two major types of government expenditure (2 mks)
17. Identify one main issue that is addressed in the national budget in Kenya. (1 mk)
14. What is contained in the government budget? (1 mark)
24 (a) What are the main sources of revenue for local Government Authorities in Kenya?
21 (a) Identify three types of taxes paid by Kenyans to the government (3 mks)
(b) Explain six ways in which the government of Kenya uses its revenue (12 mks)
15. Name the institution that controls government expenditure in Kenya. (1 mk)
12. Identify two sources of government revenue in Kenya. (2 mks)
17. Give one example of indirect taxes in Kenya (1 mk)
16. State one type of government expenditure in Kenya. (1 mk)
17. Give one reason why the government of Kenya prepares a national budget. (1 mk)
24 (a) Identify five stages in the preparation of the national budget. (5 marks)
(b) Explain why it is important for the Government to prepare the national budget annually (10 marks)
17 Give two external sources of Government revenue in Kenya. (2 marks)
16. State two ways in which the Government of Kenya ensures effective utilization of public funds. (2 marks)
I7. Give two disadvantages of Kenya's reliance on foreign aid as a source of revenue. (2 marks)
16. Name two types of local authorities in Kenya (2 mks) (out of syllabus)
14. State one way through which the Minister for local Government exercises control over Municipal Councils in Kenya ( 1mk) (out of syllabus)
24 (a) State three objectives of devolving the government of Kenya. (3 marks)
(b) Explain six ways in which the County governments raise their revenue. (12 marks)
What is evolution?
Evolution can be defined as the process of change in living organisms over a number of years, frequently involving the beginning of new species from earlier species.
According to Charles Darwin, man transformed from simple life slowly over millions of years through environmental mutation, natural selection, isolation and adaptation.
Evolution is “descent with modification”. – Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species Evolution is “the process by which organisms have changed over time.” Evolution can also be defined more narrowly as a change in the genetic composition of a population from generation to generation.
What are the Factors that influenced evolution of man
The 1ST Important factor of evolution is mutation (a stage of abrupt change)
is an instinct by which the stronger species out compete the weaker for resources.
Natural selection is defined as the differential reproduction of organisms as a function of heritable traits that influence adaptation to the environment. There are three essential components to this definition
Darwin noted that most species reproduce at a rate that, if unchecked, would lead to exponential population growth. However, such growth is seldom realized in nature because many organisms fail to reproduce. Darwin reasoned that if this differential reproduction was associated with adaptation to an environmental niche and if the adaptive traits were transmitted to a subsequent generation, then the physical and behavioral traits of a species will change over time in the direction of better adaptation.
Isolation means that organisms of the same species are separated, and happens when there is something between the organisms that they can't cross. Organisms become isolated as a result of environmental change.
Genetic drift, the effects of natural selection in adapting to a new environment, and their geographical isolation contributed to their evolution.
The amount of immigration and emigration among populations also influences allele and genotypic frequencies—large amounts of immigration/emigration reduce the differences between local populations while small amounts of immigration/emigration permit the populations to diverge.
The evolution of human populations has been dramatically influenced by physical population structure. Even today, the physical separation of human populations maintains genetic diversity that would otherwise be absent. For example, people born and raised in the tropical rain forests of the Amazon basin are more likely to mate with other people born and raised in the same geographical area than they are with, say, North American Eskimos.
Even within national boundaries, there are local populations. Someone living in Kenya is more likely to mate with a fellow Kenyan than with an Egyptian from Cairo.
Adaptation is where the surviving species isolate themselves from others as they adapt to new environment through body changes and technological changes e.g. ability to grow crops and make shelter.
Darwin’s theory of natural selection comprises the following points.
All organisms or creatures are uniquely different and this uniqueness is based on heredity factors which an organism has from birth.
Although many young organisms are produced, few manage to develop to maturity.
The organisms that manage to grow to maturity and reproduce are those that are able to constantly adapt to the existing environment.
In view of the limited resources, even after mutation, Darwin argued that only the fittest organisms survive as the weak species become extinct. This theory is popularly known as
‘Survival for the fittest’
According to Darwin, isolation and adaptation is the final stage in the evolution process. Having survived through mutation and natural selection, the merging species increase in number. This leads to search for basic needs and in the process a species may be isolated from the rest and then finally adapt to the new environment.
The theory of evolution holds that Humans belong to the animal kingdom and that man has evolved over the years. Man is a primate just as apes like gorillas, chimpanzees and monkeys. However, man belongs to the family of hominidae, while apes belong to the family of pongidae. Man according to Darwin developed over the years from his ape-like ancestors.
Evolution and adaptation of man
The earliest Mammals live on trees for two reasons;
Identify the method used to plant cereal crops when early agriculture began.
What is broadcasting sowing method?
Broadcasting is the scattering or spreading of the seeds on the soil, which may or may not be incorporated into the soil.
Broadcasting of seeds may be done by hand,mechanical spreader or aeroplane.
Broadcasting is the easy, quick and cheap method of seeding.The difficulties observed in broadcasting are:
It is mostly suited for closely spaced and small seeded crops.